Notice that some of the colugos in the photos are clinging to thick tree trunks, you will not see them if you happen to be checking out the trees from the wrong direction. Flying Lemurs of Bukit Timah Nature Reserve. Visit the Singapore Botanic Gardens and you'll soon understand why this is the only tropical garden in the world that is World Heritage-listed. Mason, V. C. (2016). Order : DERMOPTERA Family : Cynocephalidae Species : Cynocephalus variegatus Seen in the central catchment area, Singapore Colugos are arboreal gliding mammals found in South-east Asia. Its preference for primary forests is because of tree biodiversity as well as the presence of tall trees. Someone commented that it's probably the prelude to mating. Surveys were conducted from August to November 2003 to estimate the population density of Malayan flying lemurs for the first time in the Singapore Zoological Gardens. Its tail length measures 18 to 27 cm (7.1 to 10.6 in), and its weight is 0.9 to 1.3 kg (2.0 to 2.9 lb). Binomial:Galeopterus variegatusAudebert, 1799* *It has an older name:Cynocephalus variegatus Vernacular:Malayan Flying Lemur*, Malayan Colugo, Sunda Flying Lemur, Sunda Colugo In older literature, some names such as "flying cat", "cobego" or “Kubong” might still turn up. 78 pp Draco Publishing and Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore. They will not be in those places either as they need clear paths to glide from trees to trees. If you can't find them from the main road, go down Kruing Path, the junction at the top of the ramp-road near the hut, and then turn right to South View Path. Two species of colugos are found in the world but in Southeast Asia only. The lip is just a thin line below the white stripe. Reassessing Colugo Phylogeny, Taxonomy, and Biogeography by Genome Wide Comparisons and DNA Capture Hybridization from Museum Specimens (Doctoral dissertation). Please email for usage of this video. Wild animals of Singapore. Journal of Mammalogy promotes interest in mammals by the publication of original research on their ecology, genetics, conservation, behavior, and physiology. Colugo caught gliding from tree to tree while on the move. Feeds on leaves, leaf shoots and flower buds. It was the first time a bold colugo exposed itself so openly and less than 3 metres above ground. This is unlike other animals that look similar to one another from the same specie. I was using mobile phones for several sightings until I started to bring my DSLR to the nature reserve. Order: DERMOPTERA Family: Cynocephalidae Species: Galeopterus (or Cynocephalus) variegatus Colugos are arboreal gliding mammals found in Southeast Asia. "Flying Lemur thriving in Singapore's Nature Reserves" By Chang Ai-Lien The Straits Times on the Molluscan Trails forum About Norman Lim and his study of our wild colugos Fact sheet and photos of colugos on Kwok Wai's WildLife Singapore website Visit our forests to see our colugos Colugo: The flying lemur of South-east Asia. Please support us by allowing Google Ads on our website. May 2017. For over 150 years, this has been the green heart of the city. They may point out a Malayan colugo to you. Most distinctive feature is the extensive skin membrane which extends from neck to forelimbs, along side of body, hind limbs and encloses the tail. It's an adult Malayan flying lemur with gray fur and scaly pattern. Ecology: Native species. Instead, it glides as it leaps among trees. However, there are not closely related to the true lemur, which are found in Madagascar. A month later, this baby colugo was spotted. Not sure if this was one of the duo (the lower one). Singapore: Draco Publishing and Distribution Pte Ltd. 180pp. The photos in this post are taken using DSLR and in recent months only. In 2014, the Singapore government closed the Bukit Timah Reserve for unspecified "upgrades". While they can climb trees with ease, they are slow and clumsy when on the ground. 80 pp. Jia-Wei Woo ’s video clip of a pair of Malayan Colugo (Cynocephalus variegates), also known as Flying Lemur, was documented at the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve (below). Biology/Ecology. Tree of life shows that colugos are our nearest non-primate relatives. This arboreal mammal uses a thin, blanket-like membrane extending between its front and hind limbs to glide through the jungle in silent escape. 'Flying lemurs' are primates' closest kin. Do both colugos look fierce and are gritting their teeth? Many local naturalists were concerned that this might be a euphemism for urbanizing the area. Native to the temperate forests of South East Asia, throughout Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore, the Sunda flying lemur can glide for a distance of up to 100m, while only losing about 10m of elevation. Lim, N. (2007). Colugo: The Flying Lemur of South-East Asia by Norman Lim is exemplary of this latter form, combining novel scientific results with colorful commentary and background information to produce a relevant volume of wide interest. Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Central Catchment Nature Reserve. Singapore: Draco Publishing and Distribution Pte Ltd. 180pp Lim, N.. 2007. Watch your footsteps while walking, and stand still before looking up. The message is clear: stay away from our territory! They are shy and friendly creatures. #Asia; #cool; #Planet Earth ; Siamang Gibbons Send a Message. If you see something gliding around at night, it might be a flying lemur. There are just two species each in its own genus, which makes up the entire family Cynocephalidae and order Dermoptera. As they were in the shade of the tree canopy, they appeared dark. Singapore: Draco Publishing & Distribution Pte Ltd and National University of Singapore. Too bad I was not videoing it, if not, it would be easier to see how it moved. Nevertheless, it was a good lesson learnt. English: A colugo (Galeopterus variegatus, adult female), seen in the Central Catchment Nature Reserve, Singapore. Hopefully, walking in a different direction will increase your chance. Colugos, also known as flying lemurs, are uncommon in Singapore. The Sunda flying lemur is adapted to many different vegetation types, including garden… Distributed in Myanmar, Indochina, the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo and Java. The head-body length of Sunda flying lemur is about 33 to 42 cm (13 to 17 in). Interestingly, although the Malayan colugos found in Bukit Timah Nature Reserve belongs to the same specie, they put on different fur colours and patterns. Pei Yee Oh's 4 research works with 8 citations and 1,100 reads, including: Hematology and serum biochemistry of captive Sunda pangolin (Manis javanica) in Wildlife Reserves Singapore Occurs mainly in the Central Nature Reserves and adjacent plantations and parkland, and in Bukit Batok Nature Park. First of all, these mammals are erroneously called "flying lemur". Next time a colugo climbs higher up, it is preparing to jump. Singapore: The Fabulous Flying Lemur Bukit Timah, Singapore's highest point, holds the only bit of real rain forest left on the island. From the fur colour and pattern, this colugo is yet another one. fur with spots and patches of white. Wild animals of Singapore. Two free-ranging female Sunda colugos (Sunda flying lemur; Galeopterus variegates) were found dead in Singapore in November 2018 and February 2019. Vertebrata: Mammalia: Dermoptera (Flying Lemurs Or Colugos): Cynocephalidae (Colugos) Residency Status: Native. The above photo was shot in March 2017. The trail will lead you back to the Visitor Centre. Baker, N. & Lim, K. 2008. The most striking aspects of the book, adapted from Lim's undergraduate thesis at the National University of Singapore, are the stunning full-page photographs … Species: Malayan colugo (Cynocephalus variegatus), Philippines colugo (Cynocephalus volans). In Singapore, it can be found in the Central Catchment area. It was late evening and the documentation was made just before the last rays of light disappeared at 1850 hours. Last Saturday (June 2017), these two colugos were spotted on the same tree together, a pretty rare sight. Common, but with a restricted distribution. Are they related? Do standby the camera for that golden moment. For travellers who like to see wild animals, don't miss them when in Singapore. They are herbivorous and feed on leaves, flowers, shoots and fruits. More Info at Wild Singapore website. The MacRitchie forest is one of the few habitats that the Flying Lemur thrives in. Instead, it glides as it leaps among trees. Skip areas with dense vegetation, you won't be able to see them through thick vegetation. Flying lemurs are such wonderful creatures that I decided to share about them in this post. Usually clinging on tree trunk or gliding between trees. If you still can't find any of them, walk back in reverse direction till you reach the hut on top of the ramp-road. Other than climbing trees and snuggling its young, it can glide distances of more than a hundred metres. © 2016 - 2020 iPackTravel.com. Malayan Colugo | Low C H, Flickr ✿⊱╮ Galeopyerus variegatus--The Sunda flying lemur--found throughout Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore. However, one nature enthusiast managed to spot the rare creature at an estate along Hillview Avenue. I didn't realised that the colugos wear different clothes until I saw the difference between this one and those from previous sightings. The other is the Bukit Timah forest and some patches found in the Central Catchment Nature Reserve. There are 2 species of colugo in the world; the Malayan Flying Lemur and the Philippine Flying Lemur. Thanks! Upperparts may either be grey or reddish-brown, mostly with irregular black streaks and white blotches with whitish eye ring. Thank You. The nickname “Flying Lemur” may be a bit misleading, but these Colugos are the masters of the glide. Singapore. Occurs mainly in forest, usually clinging to tree trunks, or suspended from horizontal branches. This caught visitors by surprise. From the numerous photos that I took of the colugo climbing up the tree, this photo shows it peeing after lifting its "skirt". Although they can be found in some forests in Southeast Asia, the smaller forest area in Singapore and terrain of Bukit Timah Hill allows them to be spotted much more easily. All rights reserved. #Asia; #cool; #monkey; Wild Dogs vs. Otters. Two videos of … It spotted a mix of gray and brown colors. And it's probably a male. Although they can be found in some forests in Southeast Asia, the smaller forest area in Singapore and terrain of Bukit Timah Hill allows them to be spotted much more easily. Note that you will be at lower altitudes on the hillside paths, so you need to be looking up the trees. Its fur pattern is somewhat similar to the first one. Singapore. © 2019 Flora Fauna Web. I was telezooming my camera and not able to catch that precious flying moment on photo, but I did witness it with my own eyes. In Singapore, it occurs mainly in the Central Nature Reserves and adjacent plantations and parkland, and in the Bukit Batok Nature Park. The Sunda flying lemur is protected by national legislation. Somehow, every time I bring my DSLR to the nature reserve, I always photographed a different one. I managed to capture 6 or 7 flying lemurs on photos on 5 visits with a DSLR, so the chances of spotting one of them is pretty high. Flying Lemur The rainforests of tropical Asia provide plenty of towering trees as launch pads for the flying lemur. Michael Hopkin Looks like a lemur, but more like a shrew. All Rights Reserved. Find wild animals by Listening to the Rustles in the Leaves. It is monotypic of its genus. The top one shifted position later in the day and could be seen much more clearly in the sunlight. The latter is mottled grayish or brownish on its upper parts and is paler below. It starts with a duet and ends with a frenzied chorus. This is also a golden opportunity for visitors to take close-up photos of the mammal and study it closely. I am glad they choose Bukit Timah Nature Reserve to be their habitat. Bukit Batok Nature Park: Secret Home of the Flying Lemur (Malaysian Colugo) - See 73 traveller reviews, 133 candid photos, and great deals for Singapore, Singapore, at Tripadvisor. The well-maintained grounds, plant displays, and statues will keep you spellbound and strolling for hours. *The name flying lemur is a misnomer as the Colugo neither flies nor is a lemur. After less than an hour of being there, it started to climb up the tree. The Sunda flying lemur is widely distributed throughout Southeast Asia, ranging from the Sunda Shelf mainland to other islands – Northern Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia (Peninsular, Sabah and Sarawak), Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatera, Bali, Java), and many adjacent islands. It is strictly arboreal, is active at night, and feeds on soft plant parts such as young leaves, shoots, flowers, and fruits. The Malayan colugos, or Sunda colugos, can be found in Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia. Flying lemurs are such wonderful creatures that I decided to share about them in this post. So, use the suggested trail below and check all directions, if possible. Carries its young, sometimes wrapped in the membrane. Philippine colugos are of a different specie that can only be found in the southern islands of the Philippines, but their population is decreasing due to poaching for their meat and fur and clearing of rainforests. The one below was spotting dark (black or brown?) Though they are the most capable of all … They glide through the air, with the aid of the large skin membranes between their limbs, when leaping from trees to trees. The Sunda (or Malayan) flying lemur or “colugo” does not belong to the prosimian group like true lemurs, but is in a zoological order of its own, Dermoptera or "skinwings", which has only one genus and two species: the Philippine and Sunda flying lemurs. It is reported that there are approximately 1500 Malayan Flying Lemurs in Singapore. Continue to look for them while on the paths. Digital Nature Archive Ecology Asia. By the way, to take photos of colugos, you will need a camera with tele-zooming capabilities, and mounted on a tripod, as they are usually up on tall trees and under shades. I am glad they choose Bukit Timah Nature Reserve to be their habitat. Solitary, nocturnal and arboreal. There are just two species each in its own genus, which makes up the entire family Cynocephalidae and order Dermoptera. The Malayan flying lemur (Cynocephalus variegatus) is a nocturnal mammalian arboreal folivore that inhabits the forests of Southeast Asia. As it climbed higher and higher, it suddenly leaped away from the tree, opened out its "wing" fully and glided to another tree close by. Mobile phones usually cannot zoom in close enough and with clarity. Baker, N. & Lim, K. 2008. 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