There aren’t any specific prohibitions related to stunning animals before slaughtering them in Islam. %���� It ruled in favour of a regulation already imposed in the Flemish region of Belgium which, on animal rights grounds, bans the slaughter of livestock that have not been stunned. Cows, sheep, goats, chicken, ducks etc. The reason for the writhing of the dying animal is the contraction and easing of the muscles that lack blood. There are many conditions of Halal slaughter that you can read on their website, but here are the four main ones that are taken from the website: 1. The purpose of stunning is to make the animal unable to feel pain, although credible studies contradict this claim. The European Court of Justice backed a Belgian ban on Muslim halal and Jewish kosher animal slaughter today, sparking anger among religious groups. This means that the blood flow to the nerves in the brain that deal with pain is disconnected. The Halal method of slaughter is certainly the most humane of all methods that butchers utilize for animal slaughter. This form of stunning involves birds being hung upside down and tied on a moving conveyor belt. An animal's throat is cut in one swift motion with a razor sharp knife. In the next three seconds, the animal was in a state of deep sleep, rendering it unconscious. Rüsselsheim, 22nd December 2020. “Meaning a slaughtered animal will not be lawful to consume (halal) if the name of Allah was intentionally not pronounced whether the slaughterer was a Muslim or from the people of the book (kitabi), because of the (clear) text of the Qur’an and the consensus (ijma) of all the scholars.” (See: Radd al-Muhtar ala al-Durr, 5/298-299) The very nature of Quranic teachings and hadiths is that the issues presented are incredibly subjective and open to individual interpretation. As the Prophet (PBUH) said in a Hadith in Sahih Muslim, we should slaughter animals in an ideal way. %PDF-1.5 stunning is require under animal welfare and the halal slaughter allowed stunning for safety of the animal, but type of stunning methods must comply with halal protocol mechanical slaughter is debatable between different Halal Authority but the basic principles should be in compliance Conclusion There are specific requirements throughout the food production process that must be complied with to gain halal certification, including slaughtering, storage, preparation, display and overall hygiene (Haque et al., 2015). Cardiac arrest stunning is a form that involves the passing of an electric current through both the head and body of the animal. A bill banning exports of ritually slaughtered meat is sitting in limbo in the Polish parliament. This retention of blood is a hygiene risk, and certainly something that should be avoided. The reason for this was the great amount of blood that gushed out of the animal’s body. stream There are a variety of modern methods of slaughter, which tend to focus primarily on stunning the animal prior to its slaughter. After they stun the animal, the next process is to cut off the blood supply to its brain. The harm that the slaughter incurs that doesn’t comply with Islam’s teachings largely consists of health risks and the suffering of animals due to the pain caused by non-Halal slaughter. These countries include Sweden, Norway, Iceland, Denmark, and … The EU court ruling is based on animal welfare but effectively makes it possible for EU countries to ban halal or kosher slaughter. One may wonder why the animal continues to squirm and flail about if it doesn’t feel pain. Halal – Halal is an Arabic word which means ‘permitted’ or ‘lawful’. <> An animal’s throat is cut in one swift motion with a razor sharp knife. The Halal slaughtering is partly about having the incision deeply to hasten (i) the bleeding (to eliminate any possible diseases); and (ii) death of the animal. The pure vertical cut, modified vertical cut, and other similar slaughter methods go against the Sunnah method of slaughter and are doubtful methods of slaughter which do not completely fulfill the halal requirements. Meanwhile, Halal slaughter also makes the animal’s meat fit for human consumption. Moreover, the Islamic method is far more hygienic due to its draining blood far more effectively from the meat. He writes, “If a sheep is slaughtered in such a way that half of the trachea and half of the two jugular veins is cut, then this animal will not be lawful to consume. x���KK1����2���yM���/�(\���L�B:VA�����:�K��;'�@� 1. Halal is a term that defines the method of slaughtering animals for meat: it is required to hang the animal upside down for the process of bleeding dry. Conclusion 1 0 obj The international livestock industry must be encouraged to practice increasingly better handling and welfare of slaughter animals. UK slaughterhouses must be completely halal compliant Animals must be alive and healthy at the time of slaughter and all blood is drained from the carcass. According to a Prophetic statement in Sahih Muslim, butchers must sharpen knives before using them to slaughter animals. Scientifically it is proven that the animal didn’t feel any pain if the impulse and oxygen of the body did not reach the brain (cerebral anoxia), practically by severing the following : There are a number of reasons for this. Islam provides us with guidelines for all aspects of life, and the same applies to our diet. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 720 540] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Some notable mechanical stunning methods include the driving of a bolt into the skull of the animal to stun it. However, he must not sever the spinal cord. Unconsciousness is achieved within seconds and death occurs due … stream Islam is a religion that enjoins the kind and merciful treatment of all creatures. <>>> The evidence clearly establishes the superiority of Halal slaughter. 2. Just like all other Islamic laws, the Islamic ruling on animal slaughter comes from our All-Knowing Creator. Then, there’s a form called concussion stunning, in which an instrument deals a blow to the animal’s head to concuss its brain. The evidence proves that stunning should not be incorporated into Halal slaughter. Conclusion. Unconsciousness is achieved within seconds and death occurs due to cerebral hypoxia not blood loss. The argument that halal slaughter is inhumane because animals are allowed to bleed to death is scientifically untrue. Conclusion. The Arabic word halal means permissible, and the rules of slaughter are based on Islamic law. The thrashing movements of the animal also play a vital role in extracting maximum blood from its body. endobj It is an animal which is slaughtered by cutting it open and the veins are not cut, and it is then left to die.” (Sunan Abu Dawud) From the above Hadiths and other evidences, the fuqaha (jurists) have deduced that for the animal to be lawful (Halal) it is necessary that its veins are cut open in a way that the blood streams and gushes out. Then, that sends an electronic current through the animal’s brain. <> However, it is something that should not be done. are Halal only when the animal has been slaughtered in accordance with Islamic Law to make meat Halal, an animal or poultry has to be slaughtered in the Islamic way. The electric current temporarily makes the animal unconscious. Indeed, all Islamic laws aim to maximize benefit and lessen harm. The flawed premise of stunning is that the traditional Islamic way of slaughtering, and similar Jewish methods, cause great pain to the animal because it is not stunned before being slaughtered. These are key concepts in Islam with many ramifications for the daily life of a Muslim; one of the most visible expressions of these concepts may be found in Islamic dietary rules. There’s also a stunning method that involves gassing birds to stun them. z��xp>���x8��4! Moreover, their hearts stopped beating earlier than the hearts of animals slaughtered Islamically. the vessels must be cut. An animal’s throat is cut in one swift motion with a razor sharp knife. Unconsciousness is achieved within seconds and death occurs due to cerebral hypoxia not blood loss. There are numerous ways in which people stun animals before slaughtering them. There are also electric methods of stunning, such as head-only stunning. Then, there’s the hygiene and health factor. People commonly use water bath stunning on chickens, turkeys, etc. The argument that halal slaughter is inhumane because animals are allowed to bleed to death is scientifically untrue. – Things or actions permitted by Shariah law without punishment imposed on the doer (MS1500:2004) Haram – Haram is an Arabic word which means ‘Prohibited’ or ‘Unlawful’. This is particularly important for developing countries, as this will improve production. endstream Furthermore, they should not do this in front of animals, nor should they slaughter animals in front of another. This causes the animal to retain a greater amount of blood. The Halal Advocates personally have observed this slaughter process and have arrived to this conclusion after extensive research. The flawed arguments against Halal slaughter are devoid of merit, and only those who stun animals can be rightfully accused of animal cruelty. Can’t Drive Kids to the Mosque? Muslims cannot eat the meat of animals that die a natural death. Conditions Of Halal Slaughter. CONCLUSION. Some European countries, however, have forbidden such exceptions and thus banned kosher and halal slaughtering practices. 2 0 obj products are considered to be halal, with the only exception if in the process of making or storing them alcohol was used. The Islamic method of slaughter necessitates that the butcher slaughters the animal with a cut to its neck that reaches through its trachea, esophagus, jugular veins, and carotid arteries. The Halal method of slaughter is a sacrifice to Allah. Stunning can also lead to contamination of the animal’s meat, such as in the case of chickens being stunned in an electric water bath, in which chickens may defecate and then inhale the impure water. The windpipe (throat), food-tract … After the first six seconds, there was no pain recorded. 4 0 obj Butchers cut the vessels of the neck quickly. endobj Animal Rights in Islam – Islamic Perspective, Ali ibn Abi Talib: The Fourth Khalifa Of Islam (Caliph), Hazrat Usman (Uthman) ibn Affan: Third Khalifa Of Islam – Caliph, The First Khalifa Abu Bakr ibn Abi Quhafa – Muslim Khalifa, Second Caliph of Islam Umar ibn al-Khattab – Hazrat Umar Khalifa, Present Khalifa of Islam and the Concept of a Muslim Caliphate in Islam – Muslim Khalifa. There is also a risk of animals dying prior to being slaughtered when they are stunned, which makes their meat impermissible to consume because it counts as carrion meat. This helps to drain the maximum quantity of blood from the animal, which is a must for the meat to be hygienic for consumption. Conclusion Islamic method of slaughtering is Hygienic and Humane and should be practiced by all The slaughter needs to be carried out by a Muslim or Ahlul Kitab. What we can and cannot eat is clearly outlined in our religion. Then, they are bled, and the bleeding is what eventually results in their death. These laws apply to all the meat Muslims consume, whether it is the animal sacrifice of Eid Al-Adha, or simply meat that butchers sell for the purpose of eating. The significant three categories are; 1) Product/Goods; (2) Food Premise; (3) Slaughter House. The flawed arguments against Halal slaughter are devoid of merit, and only those who stun animals can be rightfully accused of animal cruelty. The argument that halal slaughter is inhumane because animals are allowed to bleed to death is scientifically untrue. As the knife severs the jugular veins and relevant arteries, blood rapidly flows out of the system. Start by reciting Allah’s (SWT) name. �=L.�d�]ݮm��Z����_fE%�Ϗ�t3�l��>m�M�7M[�Ԡ��|Ѣ7&�nC��66��ok�L,��]�޷��o;�h�0����M&sL�Z�V�8bG��|�V��hݮ��Bft �e)U&�']���{� j��� Allah has complete Knowledge of what is and isn’t good for His creation. While the individual may make conscious choices about what… Unconsciousness is achieved within seconds and death occurs due to cerebral hypoxia not blood loss. Halal food is clearly labelled or certified as such by approved certification agencies (Jamal and Sharifuddin, 2015). The Bible warns us about meats sacrificed to other gods. The first step is to recite the name of Allah (SWT). Therefore, stunning, which has been proven to cause animals severe pain, is something that goes against Islam’s teachings of being merciful to animals. 3 0 obj Halal activities are obligatory to every Muslim. Their needs cannot be ignored.“ • In USA The rising acceptance of halal meat due to its scientific and hygienic slaughtering and processing methods is spicing up the US 600 billion global halal meat market impressively 40. In conventional slaughtering methods like Halal and Kosher, stunning of animals before bleeding is not followed in several countries even though stunning before slaughter is a statutory requirement to make the animal unconscious and insensible to pain from the act of bleeding (Terlouw et al., 2008). Only a Muslim or someone who is Ahlul Kitab (people of the Book), can carry out the task for the meat to be deemed halal. Thus, the prescribed method of slaughtering animals in Islam must be followed by all believers. It’s been proven that animals that have been stunned tend to retain a greater amount of blood than animals that have been slaughtered in a Halal way. Hence, it becomes evident that the Islamic method of slaughter is optimal. The retention of blood in the animal’s meat is unhygienic and potentially harmful for the consumer. This method involves placing electric tongs are on the sides of the animal’s head. Conclusion . The argument that halal slaughter is inhumane because animals are allowed to bleed to death is scientifically untrue. Firstly, there is the factor of pain. When animal slaughter is carried out in accordance with Islamic teachings, it ensures that the suffering of the animal is minimized. The halal animals have been categorized with special and essential slaughtering requirements. endobj Learn Quran Online by Live Tutor on Skype! It is better to be on the side of caution and not eat halal meats out of respect for God. People have conducted credible studies to determine whether animals experience pain when butchers slaughter them, in the case of both Halal slaughter and slaughter according to modern techniques. Halal slaughter provides us with detailed instructions pertaining to how we should slaughter animals for the consumption of their meat. Animals that have been partially eaten by wild animals are also not to be eaten. By Mahmoud Tatari, General Manager, Halal Control GmbH. Just like all other Islamic laws, the Islamic ruling on animal slaughter comes from our All-Knowing Creator. However, they experienced intense pain right after the stunning. The freshness of the meat also lasts longer when the blood is let out as much as possible. Doing so is necessary to avoid the harm that would result from failing to follow the Halal method. Haram activities are forbidden to every Muslim. Conclusion The Label Halal (Permissible) 10. Likewise, Islam comprehensively lays out the method of sacrificing animals that are permissible to consume. It seems certain solutions to halal food and its mass distribution to Muslim diasporic populations, mainly in the global West, have yet to be settled upon. However, the slaughtering should be performed in accordance with Islamic rules. That takes them over an electric water bath in which they submerge their heads, electrocuting them to cause their death by cardiac arrest. “Meaning a slaughtered animal will not be lawful to consume (halal) if the name of Allāh was intentionally not pronounced whether the slaughterer was a Muslim or from the people of the book (kitabi), because of the (clear) text of the Qur’an and the consensus (ijma) of all the scholars.” (See: Radd al-Muhtar ala al-Durr, 5/298-299) ... Halal animals are slaughtered to express respects to them and to thank Allah for It's gifts in providing the animal as clean and healthy food. Muslims cannot consume any animal that people do not slaughter according to Islam’s rules of slaughter. The authors conclude that cultured meat is halal only if the culture is seeded with cells taken from a halal source, and by this they mean: Cells must be sourced from an animal that is lawful for human consumption under sharia (e.g. The reason is that legality of such a slaughter is dependent on cutting the entire vessel or the major portion of the vessel. goat, sheep, buffalo, cow, chicken), and All these Islamic teachings make it evident that there is no room for cruelty in Islam. x���[�T����G�����*?���+����E X�h�1��("���. Allah has complete Knowledge of what is and isn’t good for His creation. Disadvantages Of Halal Slaughter Halal Food Halal means “permitted” in Arabic; it is the opposite of haram, or “forbidden. Firstly, we must slaughter the animal in accordance with Islamic laws. 5 0 obj The purity of the meat depends on the thorough removal of blood. Halal (permissible or lawful) poultry meat production must meet industry, economic, and production needs, and government health requirements without compromising the Islamic religious requirements derived from the Qur'an and the Hadiths (the actions and sayings of the Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him). These studies also mentioned how hygienic each form of animal slaughter was. The thorough removal of blood from the animal’s body is crucial for the purification of its meat. 2. This is because leftover blood in the animal can be a medium for microorganisms. Our faith doesn’t permit us to cause needless harm and suffering to animals. Conclusion . Muslims are required to strictly adhere to Islam’s rules regarding slaughter, as the Islamic method of animal slaughter is the supreme method, just like all other Islamic laws are supreme and binding on us. In the case of animals slaughtered in accordance with Islamic law, researchers discovered that the animals did not suffer any pain in the first three seconds of the slaughter. This leads me to suggest that Christians should not eat Halal meats. This method is common in the case of farm animals. Halal Control (HC) Germany: The European Union’s top court the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has deemed non stun halal and kosher slaughter incompatible with animal welfare.Halal Control rates the decision as disastrous with the signal it is sending out. <> Moreover, it is impermissible to consume the meat of animals that die of strangulation, or from being struck brutally or gored by another animal’s horns, or by falling headfirst. Therefore, the animal does not experience pain. Hence, the arguments of those who deem Halal slaughter cruel and barbaric are emphatically refuted, and the superiority of the Islamic method is undeniable. 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