Although P. quadrifida is frequently referred to as a halophyte, therefore adapted to saline soils (Kokad and Ahmad, 2010), Singh (2005) suggests it is more tolerant of alkalinity than of salinity. Portulaca microphylla A.Rich. Hot infusion is used in dysuria (mutrakrichra) 3. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Crassulacean acid metabolism in the succulent C4 dicot, Portulaca oleracea L. under natural environmental conditions. Alternation between 12 and 35°C gives higher rates of germination than a constant intermediate temperature. http://botany.edu/antilles/WestIndies/index, Archana Srivastava, Joshi A G, Raole V M, 2013. Solarization for 30 and 45 days provided 100% control in North India (Nasr-Esfahani, 1993). Integrated weed management in Kharif onion (Allium cepa L.) CV N-53. It is recommended either to burn or bury all removed material to prevent re-establishment. Read – Spinach (Palak) – Uses, Qualities, Remedies, Research. Earlier, in vivo investigation on the effective Siwakoti M, 2000. Portulaca quadrifida, known as pusley, wild purslane, chicken weed (or chickenweed), single‑flowered purslane, small‑leaved purslane and 10 o'clock plant, is a species of flowering plant in the genus Portulaca, possibly native to Africa, but certainly widespread over the Old World Tropics, and introduced elsewhere. A study by Mulla and Paramjyothi Swamy (2012) confirmed anti-cancer activity against human colon cancer HT-29 cells. Seeds may float on the surface of water and are not normally blocked by sieves because of their small size. Creeping herb, rooting at the nodes; Leaves elliptic to cordate, 2-20 by 0.8-7 mm with c. 5 mm long axillary hairs. Karim F M, 1993. Portulaca quadrifida L. Details; Images (2) Synonyms (6) References (6) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens; Distributions (15) Chromosome Counts (2) Accepted By: AFPD. Portulaca parensis Poelln. Pfeiffer RK; Burleigh R, 1958. It is used as vegetable in piles 3. http://botany.edu/antilles/WestIndies/index. © 2021 Purdue University | An equal access/equal opportunity university | Copyright Complaints | Maintained by Famine Foods. PROTA4U web database., [ed. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences, 3(3):P-488-P-498. Flora of the West Indies., Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Bethlehem, USA: Lehigh University Press, 404 pp. It is also possible for P. quadrifida to regenerate vegetatively from small stem fragments (PROTA, 2014). Portulaca species are annual or perennial herbs, stem erect or prostrate, usually woody at the base, branched, main root tuberous, fibrous, fleshy, sometimes rooting at nodes, trichomes on nodes and inflorescence present or absent. The longevity of seeds in the soil is presumed to be at least a few years but no estimates have been seen. African Plant Database, 2015. Blumea, 17:274-301. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. India (Bombay Presidency, Rajasthan western): the leaves, after boiling, are used in preparing a bread by mixing with Bajri (millet) or Jowari flour; (Rajasthan, western): whole plant is cut, boiled and used as a vegetable; (Madras Presidency): leaves and tender shoots cooked and eaten as greens. Ovary conical-ovoid; style c. 5 mm long, thickened at the apex and with 4 spreading stigmas. Fresh leaves juice is applied externally as a remedy for herpes (visarpa) 2. It is a medicinal plant. 11 (3), 391-401. Stems reddish, up to 25 cm long, often rooting at the nodes. P. quadrifida is also used as a traditional medicine in Africa and in China e.g. Insect Environment, 5(2):81. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Portulaca Quadrifida. Portulaca diptera Zipp. Singh NT, 2005. Botanical Name Choti Lona – Portulaca quadrifida Family – Portulacaceae. P. quadrifida is widely used as a salad or vegetable and may be cultivated e.g. Portulaca quadrifida (chickenweed); habit. There are reports of P. quadrifida being controlled by herbicides and it is reported as being susceptible to MCPA and 2,4-D (Pfeiffer and Burleigh, 1958). Use of herbicide for weed and disease control in cabbages. 24 (3), 655-656. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Capsule conical-ovoid, dehiscing horizontally c. 1/3 of the way up. capitata), cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. The mat-forming habit and prostrate stems which can root from the nodes easily distinguish P. quadrifida from other members of the genus (Gilbert and Phillips, 2000). As a halophyte, the accumulation of salt in the soil will also inhibit the growth of other species. Use of herbicide for weed and disease control in cabbages. The effect of ethanolic extract of Portulaca quadrifida L. on central and peripheral nervous system were studied by using spontaneous motor activity, in vivo muscle relaxant > 0°C, dry summers, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. In Africa P. pilosa has a similar habit to P. quadrifida and Geesink (1972) reported that a number of specimens from New Caledonia and the Pacific recorded as P. pilosa were often actually P. quadrifida. USA: St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Germination is controlled by external factors such as light, the water content of the soil and temperature. Portulaca chariensis A.Chev. Studies on chemical weed control in (Pisum sativum L.) under different soil conditions. Generative development seems not to be influenced by photoperiod. Portulaca quadrifida is a prostrate, mat-forming annual or short-lived perennial herb with much-branched, spreading, articulated, fleshy stems up to 30 cm long or longer. 358. Balikai RA, 1999. The edible leaves are gathered from the wild and used locally. Portulaca oleracea has an extensive history of use as a medicinal herb. July, 2012. Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri; Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Article ID 368238. http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jb/2013/368238/. They can be distinguished from each other as P. pilosa has alternate leaves, five petals and more numerous stamens whereas P. quadrifida has four petals and the leaves are opposite (PROTA, 2014). Sunday, January 6, 2013. Introduction. English Name – Chicken weed, Wild purslane Portulaca oleracea – Garden purslane, Verdolaga, Red root, Pursley The seeds of some of the P. Portulaca quadrifida L. Details; Images (2) Synonyms (6) References (6) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens; Distributions (15) Chromosome Counts (2) Group: Dicot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Lehmann, lower, E, 85 Authors: Linnaeus, Carl von. Meridiana quadrifida (L.) Poir. PROTA4U web database. Singh G; Ram IC; Singh D, 1991. http://www.tropicos.org/, Mulla SK; Swamy P, 2012. JSTOR Global Plants Database. As a prostrate herb, it is not otherwise especially competitive, but with extreme resistance to drought, it can become dominant in hot, arid conditions. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp. on human colon cancer cell lines. In India, selective control was achieved with metoxuron, metribuzin, methabenzthiazuron, terbutryn, methabenzthiazuron + fluchloralin and fluchloralin + metribuzin (Randhawa et al., 1981). P. quadrifida is also used as a traditional medicine in Africa and in China e.g. botrytis), cucurbits (Cucurbitaceae family) and teosinte (Zea species) in India and in coffee (Coffea species) in Kenya and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) in Sudan. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Portulaca rediviva Wawra Balikai R A, 1999. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). Flowering in Pakistan is from August to March but flowering and fruiting can occur at any time of year when conditions are hot. A relatively small in height, about 20 cm, portulaca grandiflora attracts attention with beautiful flowers and fleshy leaves of cylindrical shape. Tamil Nadu, India. Stamens 8–12. Content. Portulaca pilosa. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Portulaca Grandiflora. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research. Portulaca quadrifida (chickenweed); habit, close view, showing stems, leaves and flowers. As a plant of interest medicinally, however, there is some risk of deliberate introduction. Farm Science Journal. Portulaca geniculata Royle; Portulaca imbricata Forssk. - Uses of seeds and leaves similar to those of Portulaca oleracea. Although Ecocrop (2014) indicates that P. quadrifida benefits from moderate or high soil fertility, it may thrive in extremely infertile conditions. P. quadrifida is regarded as an agricultural weed in its native range, where it competes with many crop species. Flowers terminal, l(-3) on an infundibuliform, profusely hairy stem-apex, at edge with 4, seldom more leaves. In Mice Syed Kamil M1, LiyakhaT Ahmed MD2 and Paramjyothi S1* 1Department … Portulaca linifolia Forssk. In the present study the aqueous extract of Portulaca quadrifida 13,14 was evaluated for its phytochemical constituents and pharmacological activities like a, analgesic, wound healing, skeletal muscle relaxant, and anti-depressant, anti-convulsant, anti-anxiety. How Portulaca Quadrifida is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. It is often involuntarily introduced by the agency of man and readily occupies newly disturbed areas, compost and rubbish heaps and fields. Vernacular Names. Saimbhi MS; Sandhu KS; Daljit Singh; Kooner KS; Dhiman JS; Dhillon NPS, 1992. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. as a veterinary lactation stimulant or as an anti-abortifacient. PROTA, 2014. It is used also as a culinary plant. It is also used for parasitic infection, for kidneys, pulmonary troubles, stomach troubles, venereal disease and as a diuretic, pain … Seeds of P. quadrifida are also easily spread by wind (PROTA, 2014). Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. http://www.flowersofindia.net/, GBIF, 2015. Description; Distribution; Uses; Notes; Citation; Description. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Singh (2005) notes that P. quadrifida may occur on alkaline soils but is not so common on saline soils. Ecocrop, 2014. Anticancer activity of ethanol and polyphenol extracts of Portulaca quadrifida Linn. The risk of P. quadrifida being accidentally introduced into new areas is low as it is a slow-growing species with minimal risk of contamination of crop seed. Nasr-Esfahani M, 1993. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. CABI, Undated. In Inflammation related to kidney and urinary bladder, plant is prepared … Scientific Name: Portulaca quadrifida Scientific Name Author: L. IdentifiedBy: Mendonça, F.A. 10 pp. Kachare M; Pandey S; Kumar S, 2005. If you have trouble accessing this page because of a disability, please contact Famine Foods at email@example.com. Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Pinterest. Conf., Gt Britain 1953. Portulaca quadrifida L. Portulaca quadrifida L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Portulaca (family Portulacaceae). This may be year-round in some areas. They are … P. quadrifida is found in the wild on bare patches of ground and among rocks, on sandy or stony soils, from sea-level up to 2000 m altitude. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name with … Aug 14, 2016 - Explore S . Ann Arbor, MI and New York, NY, USA: JSTOR. Family: Portulacaceae 's board "Portulaca Flowers", followed by 108 people on Pinterest. African Plant Database (2014) describe P. quadrifida as a plant of sandy river banks, open stony dry, or sub-desert grassland and shrubland, Acacia savanna; trampled areas, roadside and edges of cultivated fields. on Portulaca quadrifida Linn. An account of the genus Portulaca in Indo-Australia and the Pacific (Portulacaceae).