(Viewed on January 6, 2021) . Although Miriam is named a prophet, nowhere in Scripture does she function in the traditional prophetic role of speaking forth the word of … Miriam in the Bible may best be known as the big sister who helped save her baby brother from certain death. Miriam was prob. When she and Aaron grumble against Moses, she comes down with a case of leprosy. She was also a prophetess in her own right. The Greek name Mary is the equivalent of the Hebrew Miriam. Despite the instructions of God and Moses, the people refuse to continue the march in the wilderness until the diseased Miriam is restored (Num 12:15). Miriam’s childhood in the slave quarters of Egypt was one of fear and uncertainty. There is no specified time of mourning for Miriam. She becomes thereby the archetype of the female prophetic tradition, even as Moses heads the male (compare Deut 34:10). Miriam was the daughter of Amram and Jochebed, and the older sister of Moses and Aaron, all of whom were Levites. Numbers 12:1-16 - And Miriam and Aaron spake against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he … The meaning of “Cushite” is uncertain. The historian Josephus deems Hur the husband of Miriam (Antiquities 3.54; see Exod 17:10–12). After the episode at the sea, Miriam surfaces in the wilderness narratives. Who Was Miriam's Mother? She has neither husband nor children. She participates with Moses and Aaron to lead the Israelite community during the exodus and the wanderings. Miriam was the first woman in the Bible to be given the title prophetess. Bible Verses About Miriam And Aaron Bible verses related to Miriam And Aaron from the King James Version (KJV) by Relevance - Sort By Book Order . Miriam 's husband was Caleb son of Yefuneh of the tribe of Judah.1. Moses' sister, Miriam, accompanied her younger brother when he led the Hebrew people in their escape from slavery in Egypt. As the inaugurator of a performance and composition tradition of song, drums, and dances in Israel, Miriam continues to resonate throughout its musical life (see Pss 68:25; 81:2; 150:4). This Quiz: Miriam. It may refer to the African country of Cush (see Gen 10:6; 1 Chr 1:8) or to Midian, the region east of the Gulf of Aqabah from which Zipporah came (see Exod 3:1, 18:1; Hab 3:7). When Pharaoh’s daughter finds Moses in a basket, Miriam offers to find a Hebrew mother to nurse the baby for her. Miriam as a Child Miriam first appears in the biblical book of Exodus not long after Pharaoh decrees that all newborn Hebrew boys will be drowned in the Nile river. Miriam died on the 10th of Nissan in the year 2487—a year to the day before the Jewish people crossed the Jordan into the Promised Land, under the leadership of Joshua. Miriam, like Moses and Aaron, was a child of Amram and Jochebed (also known as Yocheved), both of the tribe of Levi.The prophet Micah recognizes all three siblings as Israel’s leaders when he proclaims in God’s name: “I redeemed you from the house of bondage, and sent Moses, Aaron, and Miriam to lead you” (Micah 6:4). Moses is one of the most recognized figures of the Bible. God responds by confining her outside the camp for seven days. How much do you know about her? Miriam first appears in the Torah she-bi-khetav: Lit. Miriam is the first of six prophetesses mentioned in the Bible: Miriam (Exodus 15:21) Deborah (Judges 4:4) Huldah (2 Kings 22:14) Noadiah (Nehemiah 6:14) … Forty more years passed, most likely with little or no contact between Moses and his sister. She was a prophetess and first appears in the Book of Exodus. MIRIAM, or, in Hebrew, Miryam; Israelite prophetess who flourished, according to tradition, in the thirteenth century bce. Unlike most women in the Bible, Miriam is never called wife or mother. Exodus 2:1–10 features an unnamed sister of Moses who helps deliver him at the Nile River. Who were Miriam's two brothers? Miriam is the sister who watches over her baby brother Moses among the bulrushes on the banks of the Nile. Miriam is the most dynamic woman in the book of Exodus. Unlike most women in the Bible, Miriam is never called wife or mother. The survival of the leader of the Exodus, Moses, depended on the courage and ingenuity of his sister Miriam. Women in Scripture. 7.After the crossing of the Red Sea "Miriam the prophetess" is her acknowledged title. Miriam (rebellion), the sister of Moses, was the eldest of that sacred family; and she first appears, probably as a young girl, watching her infant brothers cradle in the Nile, ( Exodus 2:4) and suggesting her mother as a nurse. the leader of her brother Aaron at this time, for the brunt of the punishment for this insurrection fell upon her and she became leprous . Help us elevate the voices of Jewish women. The Bible; the Pentateuch; Tanakh (the Pentateuch, Prophets and Hagiographia) Torah anonymously, as the sister of Moses who stands on the riverbank (Ex. 2). Whatever her particular disease, Miriam remains a condemned woman, a warning for generations to come (see Deut 24:8–9). She saw as Pharaoh's daughter's took pity on him. 6:4). Miriam, Aaron and Moses died within twelve months. A prophetess A seer A harlot A gypsy. Jochebed asked Miriam to watch over Moses who was placed among the bulrushes on the banks of the Nile to hide him from Pharaoh. Miriam is the elder sister of Aaron and Moses. Miriam is no exception. Though God rebukes both Miriam and Aaron, the deity punishes only her. (The other Prophetess’ are: Sarah, Deborah, Hannah, Abigail, and Esther and Huldah). The first we see of Miriam is in her role as a protective sister. Josephus (historian) states that Miriam marries Hur, Moses’ close companion. The sister of Moses and Aaron played an important role as the Israelites traveled from Egypt to Canaan. Miriam (Moses’ sister) watched over the basket – we don’t know why. Episode 54: Mamalas: Building Jewish Families, Encyclopedia Article: Art: Representation of Biblical Women, Copyright © 1998–2021, Jewish Women's Archive. Sheffield, England: 1985. When Pharaoh’s daughter finds Moses in a basket, Miriam offers to find a Hebrew mother to nurse the baby for her. Metaphorically, the divine nostril burns in anger to leave her stricken with scales like snow. She may be Zipporah, the known wife of Moses (Exod 2:21, 18:2), or another woman. At her triumphal entry, the living waters of the Red Sea surround her (Exod 15:19–20); at her demise the wells in the desert dry up (Num 20:2). After they leave Egypt, Miriam dances and leads a victory song known as the “Song of the Sea.”. Two genealogies listing Moses, Aaron, and Miriam as the sole children of Amram support the identification (Num 26:59; 1 Chr 6:3). What I have learnt is that Mary replaced the name Miriam.and the role of Miriam was then played by Mary.. according to my understanding but they were all great women of God. While she is often overlooked, Miriam was the only person right by Moses' side from birth to death. It is doubtful that Miriam saw much of Moses as he grew up in Pharaoh’s court. Rabbinic sources give her Caleb for a husband and Hur for a son (but compare 1 Chr 2:19). If Miriam is the unnamed sister of chapter two (2:4, 7) she frames not only the narratives of Moses but also the entire exodus narrative. Here are six of the most interesting facts about him. Instiller of faith, enabler of redemption. Exodus 15:20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. by Dina Coopersmith. This period of time verifies her cleanliness but does not restore her to wholeness. Negative as well as positive traditions about Miriam testify to her prominence, power, and prestige in early Israel. ver. But the price of speaking out is severe. The Bible doesn’t portray its heroes and heroines as paragons of virtue. Aaron pleads with Moses on her behalf, and Moses appeals to God. Although her jealously later in life led to disaster, Miriam's quick wit as a young girl helped change the course of Israel's history by protecting its greatest spiritual … She has neither husband nor children. Miriam is referenced in the Old Testament of the Bible as a prophetess and originally emerges in the Book of Exodus. She is the only daughter of her family. She was indeed a prophet herself (Exodus 15:20).The fact that Miriam was a prophet is a little known fact because everyone concentrates on Moses. “I will find you a nurse,” she offered and then ran to get Jochebed. Exodus 15:21 | View whole chapter | See verse in context And Miriam answered them, Sing ye to the LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea. Women in the Bible #6: Miriam. Called “the prophet Miriam, Aaron’s sister,” she leads Hebrew women in singing, dancing, and playing drums. I really enjoyed your fascinating commentary on Miriam. In the New Testament Miriam’s afterlife continues through her name and her deeds. ch. Miriam was the daughter of Amram, the leader of the Israelites in ancient Egypt, and of Jochebed and the sister of Aaron and Moses. 4.) Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. Take the Quiz: Facts About Miriam: Are They True or False?. She was recognized as a prophet of Israel and led the women in worship to remember what God had done. 2 The song of Miriam, Exodus 15:20-21. Miriam would have been in her 90s at this point. According to the Hebrew Bible, Miriam was the older sister of Moses and Aaron. Biblical tradition recalls Miriam as the sister of Moses and Aaron who helped Moses lead the Hebrew slaves out of Egypt (Mic. Miriam is the older sister of Aaron and Moses. Miriam had godly parents who trusted the God of Israel, however, Egypts Pharoah hated her people. The Bible first mentions how Miriam saved Moses from Pharaoh’s deathdecree. After her punishment, she never speaks, nor is she spoken to. Caleb was one of the twelve spies sent to reconnoiter the Land of Canaan, in preparation for the Israelites ' impending invasion of Israel.He and Joshua were the only two scouts who did not go along with the negative and pessimistic report provided by the other ten scouts. When her mother puts Moses in a basket and places it among the reeds of the Nile, Miiram watches from a distance. Later they reciprocate. Miriam with Aaron also challenges the prophetic authority of Moses. The Israelite Woman: Social Role and Literary Type in Biblical Narrative. Miriam became the leader of the Hebrew women when they and their families escaped from Egypt. Copyright © 2021 BibleWise.com. Often, the reader sees the good in the heroes as well as the bad. In singing a song of deliverance (Luke 1:46–55), in embodying a demonic or diseased condition (Luke 8:2), and in challenging male authorities (Matt 28:10; Luke 24:10; John 20:11–18), the various Marys of the Gospels reflect their namesake. Thanks for your wonderful insight! Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically. For the king had ordered to throw all Hebrew baby boys into the river (Exodus 1:22—2:4). Daughter to Amram and Jochebe, and sister to Moses and Aaron, we first meet Miriam as a young girl who watches her baby brother being placed in … Meyers, Carol, General Editor. Miriam (מִרְיָם Mir-yām) was born in 1576 B.C. There are a number of facts you may not know about him. Exodus 2:1-10. She plays an important role in several episodes of Moses’ life and in the exodus of Israel from Egypt. 1 Now a man from the house of Levi went and took to wife a daughter of Levi. Not only is this the first mention of Miriam’s name, but it is the first time we’re introduced to the concept of a prophetess. Many commentators identify her as Miriam. Moses immediately pleads to God on her behalf; she is healed. The woman is not named. She first appears by name, however, in the crossing of the Red Sea (Exod 15:20–21). and is the daughter of Amram and Jochebed, and the sister of Moses and Aaron. Miriam would have been only about 5 years old when this baby, Moses was born. Miriam, the Jealous Sister. Miriam prudently asked her if she would like a Hebrew woman to nurse th… Miriam is only mentioned by name in 14 verses in the Bible, but she is one of the most important people found in the pages of scripture. She was his older sister, and she watched over him when he was placed in a basket on the River Nile. Miriam Facts for 3-8 Year Olds. It will go forth again with drums, dances, and merrymakers (Jer 31:4). Though the meaning of the term prophet is here indeterminate, Miriam is the first woman ever to bear it. She is called “Miriam the prophetess” in Exodus 15:20. Miriam is most well-known to us as Moses's big sister. Jeremiah says that in days to come, Israel will have a new exodus. All answers are true or false. 2.) Categories: Moses, Women in the Bible. "Miriam: Bible." In other documents she is purported to be Hur’s mother and the wife of Caleb. Miriam is also called a Prophetess - someone through whom God speaks. Answer: Miriam in the Bible is Moses’ older sister. All rights reserved. Miriam is the older sister of Aaron and Moses. There is also reference to where Miriam is mentioned in the Holy Bible. He… New York: 2000. Cain and Abel Moses and Aaron Jacob and Esau Isaac and Ishmael. Centuries later, prophecy remembers her as the equal of Moses and Aaron in representing God before the people (Mic 6:8). She understands leadership to embrace diverse voices, female and male. Jewish traditions, however, cannot tolerate her status as single. Category: Women in the Bible. She and her three-year-old brother, Aaron, had godly parents who trusted the God of Israel—but the king of Egypt hated her people. Miriam saves her brother Moses. Miriam (מִרְיָם Mīrəyām) was described in the Hebrew Bible as the daughter of Amram and Jochebed, and the older sister of Moses and Aaron. But the text fails to explain the issue. Miriam was a woman of God. 8. Who was Miriam's father? Miriam thought quickly when Pharaoh’s daughter found the basket. The historian Josephus deems Hur the husband of Miriam (Antiquities 3.54; see Exod 17:10–12). Three references to them at her death further underscore their loyalty to her. Nature also honors Miriam. Miriam was called to play a less prominent role than Moses but nevertheless a vital … Has he not spoken through us also?” (Num 12:2). We first learn of Miriam as she and her three-year-old brother, Aaron, are welcoming a new child into the family.Unfortunately for that time, the baby was a boy, and there is a decree that all Hebrew baby boys be killed. Most probably, the attack implicates Miriam in a struggle over the priestly leadership of Moses. Then in middle age Moses killed an Egyptian who was mistreating an Israelite, and he had to flee for his life. Exodus 15:20 | View whole chapter | See verse in context And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. Her name in Hebrew means "bitterness." Aaron Jochebed Amram Eleazar. Miriam's clever thinking led to Moses' mother nursing him. Trible, Phyllis. "the written Torah." Jewish Women's Archive. Brenner, Athalya. Which of these describes Miriam? Jewish traditions, however, cannot tolerate her status as single. …that in ancient Israel “Miriam, the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and dancing.” They are still played throughout the Middle East—in some areas in art-music ensembles, in others only in popular and folk… The statement about the tradition of the name of Mary being continued through the NT Marys was intriguing. It belongs to a corpus of women’s traditions that include the long Songs of Deborah (Judg 5:1–31) and Hannah (1 Sam 2:1–10). Aaron died on Rosh Chodesh Av, and Moses died on the 7th of Adar 2488. 1 Miriam saved her brother Moses, Exodus 2:1-10. While Miriam was looking after Moses, the daughter of Pharaoh came to the river to bathe and she saw Moses and had compassion on him. 20 March 2009. Miriam Facts for 9-13 Year Olds. 9. She asks, “Has the Lord spoken only through Moses? It provides facts, a biography and information about this famous woman of the Bible for bible study. Indeed, she disappears altogether from the narrative until the announcement of her death and burial at Kadesh (Num 20:1). Standing on the banks of the Nile river, Miriam watched as her baby brother, Moses, lay hidden among the reeds. 3.) She is mentioned by name in the Song at the Sea, where she is called (Ex. Miriam asked Pharaoh's daughter if she could find a Hebrew woman to nurse the child for her, and Pharaoh's daughter agreed. Perhaps it was out of love for her little brother. Your biblical references to support the characteristic “challenging authority” didn’t make sense to me til I changed it in my mind to “failing to recognize“ proper authority. Throughout this essay we will gain a recognition of Miriam's qualities and the effect she had on the destiny of the Jewish nation. Contrary to the impression that her one stanza sung at the sea (Exod 15:1–18) is but an abridgement of the lengthy song attributed to Moses (Exod 5:1–31), historical and literary studies show that the latter version is itself the Song of Miriam. Miriam suffered with her fellow-Israelites for those forty years. Accompanied by her brother Aaron, she speaks out against Moses (Num 12:1–6), faulting him for marrying a Cushite woman. She was described as a prophetess, and, in fact, is one of the seven major female prophets in the Bible. 2 The woman conceived and bore a son; and when she saw that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months. Moreover, prophecy includes her, though not by name, within its eschatological vision. Lines and paragraphs break automatically. 1.) Miriam takes Moses back to her mother. Miriam, Moses, and Aaron were all born to Jochebed while living in Egypt, Africa. The Bible doesn’t tell us her parents gave her that job (but maybe they did). Her role in saving her baby brother and in celebrating the crossing of the sea highlights her concern for her people. Miriam’s brother Aaron interceded before Moses for her and Moses pleaded to God that she be healed ( 12:11 , 12 ), and she was healed; however, she was compelled to remain outside the camp of Israel for seven days after the cleansing.
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