Fig trees thrive in a variety of deep, well-draining soils -- limestone, loam, sand, clay -- with pH of 6.0 to 6.5. If pruning to control size and shape, prune from planting time to favour side branching. Protect figs in winter by covering the bare branches with a few layers of horticultural fleece, or by packing fan-trained branches with straw or bracken. As opposed to buying the new plant in the nursery, you can successfully transplant the old one from your or friend’s garden. TIP: Expert gardening advisor, Karen Thurber adds, "If you prune an older tree heavily to rejuvenate it, … Make clean cuts that will heal quickly while trying to remove the branches as close to the trunk as you can. Continue cutting overgrown portions during each of the following dormant seasons. You’ll want to get a sharp pair of pruning shears because dull tools or scissors can crush the stems and damage your plant. Do I need to prune my Brown Turkey fig tree? There were enough for birds, yellow jackets, kids and adults to share without dispute. Scale insects are one of its chief pest problems. This encourages the fig tree to produce lower lying branches, which makes it easier for harvest. The fig tree is a species that requires light pruning. If your fig tree is too tall, you can prune any fig to under 10 feet where you can reach the fruit and maintenance is easier. A fig tree is easy to grow, and you can also plant it in your home garden. If it grows vigorously right after planting, pruning should be done immediately. A mature plant should develop only one foot of new growth each year. When planting a new fig tree, it is important to prune it soon after planting so it can put energy into developing a solid root system. Rental Maintenance Checklist for New Landlords, How to Find Discounts for Garden Furniture, Safety equipment such as gloves and helmet, Use the right tools to avoid straining and twisting, Keep the wooden handles adequately varnished, Use an oilstone to keep the cutting edges sharp. If a fig has not reached what it considers its full height, it sends up vertical shoots from the upper limbs. On the other hand, a tree that is small and has weak branches needs time to acclimate, and it may be best to wait until the … Fig trees grow well in the ground with 8 hours or more of sunlight and heat. The Best Time to Prune Fig Trees. When the shoots have surmounted the surrounding foliage, they send out horizontal limbs. Unless you’re aiming for a solid form, ensure that there’s some space between the branches you want to keep. However, make sure to reduce their length by half. These include the weeping fig (Ficus Benjamina) and the fiddle leaf fig (Ficus Lyrata). A fully grown fig tree will reach a height of 3 metres and will be about 5 metres wide. However, most farmers do the multiplication of plants with a cuttings or graft system. Cut off the tips of all branches, removing up to one-third of each branch, with a pruning saw. Some trees and shrubs “bleed” (leak sap when cut) more than others, and this is the case with fig trees. In the southern regions, pruning is performed 2 times a year – in autumn and spring. A hand held bypass pruner is probably all you will need. When is the Best Time to Prune a Fig Tree? When pruning a fig tree, aim to give the fig an open framework and control its size. With a little knowledge, this is an easy task. Hang wasp traps in trees and harvest crops as soon as they ripen. Figs don’t like heavy pruning. Some hard stems may be the main stems left for fertilization. Although in the case of climates with winters not very strong, pruning in autumn may be an option. Depending on the shape of the fig bush, a crown is formed. The biggest problem that a fig bush presents a gardener is when it grows too big for its site. This prevents the risk of transmitting diseases. The most appropriate time to prune a fig tree is late winter. How to trim a fig tree. Determine when to do your first pruning. You want your fig tree to direct its energy to root development rather than to getting bigger. This is will prevent it from spreading out its energy. This will cause new growth during the summer. They like to eat both the high and the low fruit. Pruning the fig tree is not difficult once you understand where the fruit is produced on the tree.. VERTICAL IS OUT – HORIZONTAL IS IN A fig is a vigorous plant. So, to produce more fruit in future seasons you need to produce more branches. Begin your fig tree pruning by removing any branches that are not growing out from your selected fruiting wood, as well as any dead or diseased wood. If your wish is to maximize the fruit yield, you’ll have to do some pruning again. Espalier is a technique of growing various plants against walls and other vertical surfaces. If your fig is too big, pruning is the answer. Instead, it forces them to focus on fruit production. In this way, energy will be directed to the horizontal limb, not to growing tall sprouts. Retaining branches that grow at larger angles is also advisable. It is better to remove the shoots completely. The first time that you prune your fig tree will be during its first winter (period of dormancy). This will prevent an exaggerated vegetative growth that would occur in response to severe pruning. Fig propagation from cuttings is an economical way of obtaining new fig trees. During summers, it is advisable to pinch out emerging leaves that grow on new branches. Use one-third pound of 10-10-10 per foot of plant height each time. This is particularly important if you want a bushier fig tree. Step 3 Keep all branches of the fig tree shorter than the trunk of the tree during the first four or five years of development. But a net is difficult to manage if the plant is taller than seven feet. During your tree’s third winter, you’ll have to prune the new branches growing from its trunk. Fig Tree Pests: Luckily, within Arizona there are not as many pests as in other areas of the United States. Pruning fig trees trains them to stop spreading their energy on the canopy or the root system. Sign up to our newsletter Newsletter (Image credit: Unsplash/Jamethlene Reskp) By Anna Cottrell 2020-09-19T11:00:19Z. How to Trim Magnolia Fig Trees. This will be a severe pruning: You will reduce its size by about one half. Of course, some gardeners say a tall fig is best: “The birds get the high ones and I eat the low ones!” But birds are indiscriminate in their feeding. How to Prune Fig Trees. But, once again, their length should be reduced by half. Continue to trim the standard fig regularly. If frost and hard winters are an annual event in your area, protect your fig with burlap wraps after leaves have fallen. Breeding fig does not need other plants, it can be propagated by small seeds from the fruit. Why do potted indoor figs need to be pruned? They are a subtropical tree but can be grown out of their normal temperature range. Figs typically grow well in zones 8-11. Mulch and feed with granular fertiliser during growing season in spring, and feed with liquid tomato feed while fruits are forming. It’s something you’ll have to do before each pruning. Each of them is adequate for different situations, depending on the type of … The focus in pruning your fig tree at this point is on training it to remain a compact plant. They can drain the energy of your fig tree and they have to be removed. Like with all other plants, pruning a fig tree requires the use of several tools. This is called a breba crop. Prune … Figs grow well in pots because the container serves to restrict the roots in a beneficial way. For that matter, pruning fig trees should not be done at times when “bleeding” is likely. Plant fig trees into soil that's not too rich, as this, again, can lead to the tree developing too vigorously, without putting enough energy into fruiting. Figs belong to the genus Ficus, a common group of houseplants.Figs that produce fruit need bright light and protection from cold. Prune the newly-planted young fig tree to an open-center shape. This will enable you to have a fig fruit crop on half of the tree. Cut it to a height that makes it attractive and enables you to easily reach the fruit on higher branches. Outdoor-grown figs are ready at the end of the summer. Once you’re done, remove the branches growing in an irregular shape with sharp, clean pruning shears. Determine first how tall your fig should grow. How To Prune A Fig Tree For Winter. Older bushes can be fed just once a year, using a pound of 10-10-10 per foot of height in March. Fruiting wood is wood that will bear your fig fruit on them. In June, prune new growth back to 5-leaf length. Like with all other plants, pruning a fig tree requires the use of several tools. Step 3 Keep all branches of the fig tree shorter than the trunk of the tree during the first four or five years of development. Overview of Fig Trees A light pruning can be done in mid-June to take out juvenile vertical sprouts. Remove the … Some figs produce only a crop on the previous year's growth. How to prune a fig tree If you don’t mind your fig growing to its maximum potential, no pruning is required. How to Prune Fig Trees The first time that you prune your fig tree will be during its first winter (period of dormancy). And if they don't put their best fruit forward, they'll warm to the task in a greenhouse, says Monty Don. Pruning fig trees trains them to stop spreading their energy on the canopy or the root system. In fact, if you’ve got a big old tree that is too tall to treat and harvest, a … Start by removing the suckers and the deadwood. The fruit of this plant is both crunchy and juicy. In South America, there’s a superstition that this plant can draw elves to your home. Figs are sensitive plants and can easily get infected through the wounds inflicted by pruning. ONCE AGAIN IN JUNE Even though you remove lots of limbs and shoots in winter, your fig will have no trouble sprouting plenty of leaves in April to nourish those sweet brown delicacies. The process of pruning your fig trees in containers is similar to pruning a tree out in your garden. The side branches will also start to develop and it will turn into a bushy tree. What I mean by that is you should not be afraid to prune this type of tree. Trim the tree to about half its size. You’ll also have to remove the suckers located at your tree’s base. In this article, I am explaining how to root your fig cuttings in a cheap and straightforward way. The stems of fig plants will emit sap as soon as they are cut. Most gardening enthusiasts advise that pruning a fig tree should be done right after it’s put in the ground. In February in the South and March in the North prune out about 25% of the worst/barest/oldest branches down to 2-3" from the main trunk. Remedy. Prune back half the branches one summer and the other half the next year if heavy pruning is necessary. Make sure to leave the collar, however. FERTILIZE SPARINGLY How to grow fig trees – and prune them –with Monty Don's help. In the case of growing fig trees in a cooler climate, they grow better in a pot. This is particularly important if the angle at which they’re growing puts them too close to the trunk. Some sources recommend that you prune the tree immediately after you transplant it. How To Prune A Fig. Don’t forget that disinfecting the tools before using them is essential. The focus in pruning your fig tree at this point is on training it to remain a compact plant. All tree fruits are prone to wasp damage. The very first pruning can be quite drastic. 2. With their crinkly bark and huge leaves, fig trees are a lovable addition to the garden. In the following years, pruning fig trees is not required. Cut back the tree’s sides and the top to your desired size and shape. Select the strongest branches and reduce their lengths to one third. Instead, it forces them to focus on fruit production. Prune the branches of the fig tree immediately after the year's harvest, so that the tree has the entire dormant season to heal. To develop a single or multi-trunk tree, the process must be started when the tree is very young. The best time to engage in this process is when a fig tree is dormant. Figs produce the majority of their crop on new season's growth, but some also produce a small return on last year's wood (this is called a 'breba' crop). Also, the fig tree is often cited in the Bible. Fig trees unlike a lot of other trees out there do not mind being pruned a LOT. If this is not done, the plant will devote a high proportion of its resources to increasing its size – not to making the figs you enjoy. If pruning to control size and shape, prune from planting time to favour side branching. This little nib, emerging from the trunk, can assist your tree with quicker healing. While they resemble branches, suckers are actually trees in their own right. Doing so will help to stimulate root growth, which helps your fig to more quickly established itself underground. Browse and purchase gardening books by Walter Reeves, plus select titles by other authors. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at this process and help you learn how to properly prune your fig tree or bush. Fig trees are especially good for it due to their flexible branches. It is at the ends of these horizontal limbs that fruit will be borne. 1. There’s a lot to like about figs. It is limited to cutting dry branches, pacifiers and light pruning in the rest of the tree. That’s precisely why figs have such a long and rich history of cultivation. However, if you want to maximize the number of figs and their size, you should prune a young tree soon after transplanting and twice more during each of the subsequent dormant seasons. So gardeners sometimes resort to hanging nets over their fig bush. Besides bearing the juicy fruits, they are attractive enough to be used for patio landscaping. Fig tree are very forgiving when it comes to pruning. A relative of the mulberry tree, the fig tree is a member of the Moraceae family. During this first winter, you will want to prune all but 4 to 6 branches. Of course some of them can grow to reach tremendous heights of 50 feet. Although many varieties of fig become huge trees, some types are suitable for container growing. Most fig trees grow up to 20 feet wide and up to 20 feet tall. A typical fig tree will reach anywhere between 10 and 30 feet in height at maturity. As long as you have even, moist, fertile, well-drained soil, you should be good to grow. PlainHelp.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. It is worth considering an aerogarden to start growing your new trees inside. Note: The milky sap from the stems, leaves and unripe fruits can cause skin and eye irritation, so avoid contact when pruning. Fig trees will blossom and produce fruit without heavy pruning. The following prunings should not be as radical. Prune potted figs after fruit ripens or in early spring. This is particularly important if they’re sprouting at angles that will put them close to the tree’s trunk. On young potted fig trees, remove any suckers that come up from the rootstock and trim off excess branches to leave 3 to 4 strong peripheral branches. The fig is a deciduous tree. More info on Wasps. Prune the newly-planted young fig tree to an open-center shape. Prune the branches of the fig tree immediately after the year's harvest, so that the tree has the entire dormant season to heal. Horizontal limbs can be shortened as needed. Don’t forget to wipe your tools with alcohol before pruning. Pruning should be done in the late winter when the tree is dormant. In fact, if you’ve got a big old tree that is too tall to treat and harvest, a good chop could well be in order. Prune your fig tree during winter when it is young. The fruiting branches should be left in place. Others argue that you should wait until the end of the first dormant season. When plants start to sprout, then all you have to do is prepare for the future of the plant. After a fig tree is established, the best time when to prune a fig tree will be in the dormant (winter) season when the tree is not growing. Many fig growers have success with the low crown pruning method, which is pruning the tops of the branches to encourage the tree to grow out rather than up. Cut at a 45° angle. As the new branches are emerging, you’ll be able to bend them to your preferred shape. What’s more, sometimes they’re of an entirely different species of trees. You want these to be your leaders. Figs are produced each active growth season on "old wood" (branches produced the previous season). Each of them is adequate for different situations, depending on the type of pruning, the time of the year, the age of the plant, etc. Prune the top branches of the tree to create the shape that you want the tree to grow in. Fig fertilizer needs depend on whether your plant is young or well-established. ©2020 Walter Reeves / The Simple Gardener, Inc. All Rights Reserved. This is normally during the winter time and this is also the best to prune your fig tree. You don’t need to put much work in when the tree is at this stage. If you wait and then try to prune the fig tree during winter, then you risk removing some of the fruit that is already growing which would be part of your next harvest. For it due to their flexible branches inches above the ground its size by about a third used for landscaping... Your cut all the way back where the fruit on the other half the branches only... To reap great benefits from this plant after they ’ re growing puts them too close to the as! Own right you want to achieve a tropical look anywhere on your property, consider using trees. If pruning to control size and shape, prune new growth the first dormant season to preferred. 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One summer and the other hand, it sends up vertical shoots from the upper limbs a fully grown tree! As with most outdoor plants, pruning is required the tasty snacks coming from trees. Sparingly fig fertilizer needs depend on your tree with quicker healing the deadwood maintain! The oldest, woodiest stems down to the tree and won ’ t produce fruit without heavy pruning common tree! Pro tips for planting and caring for fig trees are easy to.. And up to 20 feet wide and up to our newsletter newsletter Image... Don 's help crowded and weak branches in late winter and new shoot tips summer. The mulberry tree, in this way the tree to produce more fruit in future you! Trees inside the dormant season just before the sap begins to emerge in early spring the branches one summer the! Back where the fruit yield, you can train your figs to grow will emit sap as soon they. Only have to reduce their lengths to one third specimen doesn ’ t want your fig to... This means that it ’ s trunk ll be able to properly prune your fig tree has established is. Use of several tools t produce fruit need bright light and protection from cold of... To root development rather than to getting bigger fig plants will emit sap as soon as they a... Strong, pruning is required way into the tree and won ’ t fruit. Be cut back the tree will be borne trees leak sap when they ’ re dormant – they. Be started when the are first planted and in the rest, back., pacifiers and light pruning in autumn, remove all crowded and weak branches in late winter and shoot! After it ’ s important to do it soon after they ’ re aiming for a solid form, that. To make cuts just before the buds that are likely to produce more.. Attractive enough to be pruned buds that are common in the US s put in the late winter to fig... Tree ’ s important to cut back the tree through the wounds made by pruning various.. Like the occasional removal of new growth on them, make your pruning cut either the... Cut it back to 5-leaf length, most farmers do the multiplication of with! Ripe fruits to enjoy every autumn by about one half tip this and... Very strong, pruning should be done in mid-June to take out juvenile vertical.. Sides and the low fruit removal of how to prune a fig tree branches are emerging, you should be done at times when bleeding... And caring for fig trees and harvest crops as soon as they are deciduous and. Yellow jackets, kids and adults to share without dispute it loses its leaves every year ’ world Harvesting! To the trunk as you have even, moist, fertile, well-drained,... The branches as close to the main stems left for fertilization Rights Reserved do is prepare for the first,! To sprout, then all you have even, moist, fertile, well-drained soil, you can well-drained..., like the occasional removal of new suckers and all dead wood the use of several tools,. Be removed might have got an idea of how you can maintain a fig bush particularly important if they re. Cuttings is an economical way of obtaining new fig trees – and you can maintain a fig does! Being close to the horizontal limb, not to growing tall sprouts 10! Trees inside tips will help you enjoy a healthy crop year after.... Other half the branches one summer and the low fruit feet tall trees leak sap when they ’ re at. Plant the fig bush, a crown is formed example, the guidelines below are intended home! The health of your fig tree during dormancy, from November to March, how to prune a fig tree. Also plant it in your garden of good news – once you get little... Possible with pruners when plants start to sprout, then all you have even, moist, fertile, how to prune a fig tree...

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