Nav Nirman Andolan was a socio-political movement of 1974. The customs revenue of Gujarat alone in the early 1570s was nearly three times the total revenue of the whole Portuguese empire in Asia in 1586–87, when it was at its height. There is a small Jewish community centred around Magen Abraham Synagogue. DNA : Daily News & Analysis | HighBeam Research: Plutarch. IIMT STUDIES also launched GET SET GO programme in 2013 in affiliation with Gujarat Technological University and Gujarat Knowledge Society, Department of Technical Education- Government of Gujarat. Sheri garba is one of the oldest form of garba where all the ladies wear red patola sari and sing along while dancing. It is the capital of Gujrat District and it is the 20th largest city of Pakistan by population. [11][12][13][14] Parts of modern Rajasthan and Gujarat have been known as Gurjaratra or Gurjarabhumi (land of the Gujjars) for centuries before the Mughal period. The state has an agricultural economy; the total crop area amounts to more than one-half of the total land area.[136]. There are 1,22,48,428 houses in the state. [19][20] There was a succession of Hindu and Buddhist states such as the Mauryan Dynasty, Western Satraps, Satavahana dynasty, Gupta Empire, Chalukya dynasty, Rashtrakuta Empire, Pala Empire and Gurjara-Pratihara Empire, as well as local dynasties such as the Maitrakas and then the Chaulukyas. The new state had a mostly Gujarati-speaking north and a Marathi-speaking south. It is about 1,312 kilometres (815 mi) long. Shri jaydrathsinhji Parmar. It is a very graceful form of garba. INDIA, Post-Gupta (Gujura Confederacy). [191], These airports are operated and owned by either the Airports Authority of India, Indian Air Force, Government of Gujarat or private companies.[192][193]. [108] Major agricultural produce of the state includes cotton, groundnuts (peanuts), dates, sugar cane, milk and milk products. Find Gujarat Village Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Gujarat Village and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. New York. [53] The Sultanate of Gujarat remained independent until 1572, when the Mughal emperor Akbar conquered it and annexed it to the Mughal Empire. Towards the middle of the 5th century, the Gupta empire went into decline. Kaba Gandhi No Delo in Rajkot exhibits part of a rare collection of photographs relating to the life of Mahatma Gandhi. [18] The ancient city of Lothal was where India's first port was established. They work some for some and others for others. The Sardar Sarovar Project is built on it, one of the major rivers of peninsular India where it is one of only three major rivers that run from east to west – the others being the Tapi and the Mahi. [39], After the Ghoris had assumed a position of Muslim supremacy over North India, Qutbuddin Aibak attempted to conquer Gujarat and annexe it to his empire in 1197 but failed in his ambitions. A five-day festival is held during Maha Shivaratri at the fort of Girnar, Junagadh, known as the Bhavanth Mahadev Fair (Gujarati: ભવનાથ નો મેળો). The Kutch Festival or Rann Festival (Gujarati: કચ્છ or રણ ઉત્સવ) is a festival celebrated at Kutch during Mahashivratri. Whilst the success of these was mixed throughout the country, their positive impact on the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat have been the most significant. mandal VILLAGE BEAUTY OF GUJRAT india INDIA MANDALMandal is a historical town. However, most of the private schools in Gujarat are affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) board. Archaeological Survey of India. Karandev of the Vaghela dynasty was the last Hindu ruler of Gujarat. Athanu (Indian pickle) and chhundo are used as condiments. Other fairs in Gujarat include Dang Durbar, Shamlaji Fair, Chitra Vichitra Fair, Dhrang Fair and Vautha Fair. Damaji Gaekwad and Kadam Bande divided the Peshwa's territory between them,[77] with Damaji establishing the sway of Gaekwad over Gujarat and made Baroda (present day Vadodara in southern Gujarat) his capital. For the city in Pakistan, see, Archaeological remains of washroom drainage system at, The Sultanate of Gujarat and the merchants, 16th century Portuguese illustration from the. Direct buses are available from many places, including Mount Abu (45 km away), Palanpur (65 km away), Ahmedabad and Idar. He also founded Physical Research Laboratory, a research institute encompasses Astrophysics, Solar System, and cosmic radiation. [138] An example of co-operative success in Gujarat can be illustrated through dairy co-operatives, with the particular example of Amul (Anand Milk Union Limited). [169] The first Indian settlements in the Philippines and Java Island of Indonesia are believed to have been established with the coming of Prince Dhruvavijaya of Gujarat, with 5000 traders. [98], According to 2011 census, the religious makeup in Gujarat was 88.6% Hindu, 9.7% Muslim, 1.0% Jain, 0.5% Christian, 0.1% Sikh, 0.05% Buddhist and 0.03% others. [82][83], The first capital of Gujarat was Ahmedabad; the capital was moved to Gandhinagar in 1970. As per the census of 2011, the state has a sex ratio of 918 females for every 1000 males, one of the lowest (ranked 24) among the 29 states in India. [167] Prince Vijaya was banished by his father for his lawlessness and set forth with a band of adventurers. Mudra Institute of Communications Ahmedabad (MICA) is an institute for mass communication. Gujarat Village Maps will show all villages from India in a hierarchial order, or you can search any place over the world so that you can see the place details with … Gujarat has an area of 75,686 sq mi (196,030 km2) with the longest coastline (24% of Indian sea coast) 1,600 kilometres (990 mi), dotted with 41 ports: one major, 11 intermediate and 29 minor. The 39.259 km (24.394 mi) long tracks of the first phase of MEGA, a metro rail system for Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar is under construction. In 1969 riots, at least 660 died and properties worth millions were destroyed. In addition, Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA) is one of the leading sectoral institution in rural management. According to Barnes (2017), fragments of printed kinds of cotton made in Gujarat, India were discovered in Egypt, which provides evidence for medieval trade in the western Indian Ocean. Auto rickshaws are common mode of transport in Gujarat. 2) any additional information regarding the details of those who have obtained Mamlatdars office or collector's office should be contacted. Kavi Kant, Zaverchand Meghani and Kalapi are famous Gujarati poets. In all the villages, the lanes are narrow and circuitous. The Bhadrapad fair is held at Ambaji which is in the Danta Taluka of Banaskantha district, near the Gujarat-Rajasthan border. His contemporary, Duarte Barbosa, describing Gujarat's maritime trade, recorded the import of horses from the Middle East and elephants from Malabar, and lists exports which included muslins, chintzes and silks, carnelian, ginger and other spices, aromatics, opium, indigo and other substances for dyeing, cereals and legumes (Barbosa, I, pp. Mohr Siebeck Tilbringen 2006, 9th (According to 2011 census report 10th), 21st among Indian states in human development index, International Food Policy Research Institute, Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertiliser Corporation, List of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries of Gujarat, India, Narara Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutchh, Jamnagar, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Memorial, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport, Pune – Mumbai – Ahmedabad High-Speed Passenger Corridor, List of institutions of higher education in Gujarat, Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology, Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, Indian Institute of Information Technology Vadodara (IIITV), Institute of Infrastructure Technology Research and Management (IITRAM), Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Mudra Institute of Communications Ahmedabad, Lalbhai Dalpatbhai College of Engineering, Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University, Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Institute of Management under Nirma University, International Institute of Management and Technical Studies, European Association for Distance Learning, Ahmedabad Textile Industry's Research Association, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "50th Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India", "Census 2011 (Final Data) – Demographic details, Literate Population (Total, Rural & Urban)", "Gujarat forgets state bird, tree and flower", "Newest version of Jay Jay Garvi Gujarat song launched(Video)", "Which is State Fruit of Gujarat India – Mango (Keri)", "Electronic appliance makers eye Gujarat as new manufacturing hub", "Green supply chain management practices implementation and effect on organizational performance of ISO14001 certified manufacturing companies of India", "Stepwells -Cosmology of Subterranean Architecture as seen in Adalaj", "Devdutt Pattanaik explores Gujarat through the ages and finds, in its archaeology, its myths and legends, its cultures and histories, a microcosm of the multilayered country he loves", "CNG: eAuction 343. The Maharaja Fateh Singh Museum is housed within Lakshmi Vilas Palace, the residence of the erstwhile Maharajas, located in Vadodara. Hon'ble Minister State Rural Housing and Rural Development, Gujarat. The capital, Gandhinagar is a planned city. [155] The Government of Gujarat announced a 100% entertainment tax exemption for Gujarati films in 2005[156] and a policy of incentives in 2016. Gujarat, state of India, located on the country’s western coast, on the Arabian Sea. Amul has been seen as one of the best examples of cooperative achievement and success in a developing economy and the Amul pattern of growth has been taken as a model for rural development, particularly in the agricultural sector of developing economies. Jamnagar is the hub for manufacturing brass parts. [123] The diamond industry employs 500,000 people in Gujarat.[124]. The adoption of cooperatives in Gujarat is widely attributed to much of the success in the agricultural sector, particularly sugar and dairy cooperatives. In Saurashtra, as elsewhere, the Marathas were met with resistance. Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation (GSRTC) is the primary body responsible for providing the bus services within the state of Gujarat and also with the neighbouring states. They can broadly be defined into 4 regions.[104]. Luso-Indians, Anglo-Indians, Jews and Parsis also live in the areas. Gujarat records highest decadal agricultural growth rate of 10.97%. Kandla Port is one of the largest ports serving Western India. The conquest of the Kingdom of Gujarat marked a significant event of Akbar's reign. [58] At the same time, Zoroastrian high priest Azar Kayvan who was a native of Fars, immigrated to Gujarat founding the Zoroastrian school of illuminationists which attracted key Shi'ite Muslim admirers of the Safavid philosophical revival from Isfahan. Residents of a village in Kutch have moved the Gujarat high court opposing the creation of landfill site on their village land for the Gandhidham muni For example, in the Ajanta Frescoes, a Gujarati prince is shown entering Sri Lanka. The Ambaji Fair is held in the Hindu month of Bhadrapad (around August–September) at Ambaji, during a time which is particularly suitable for farmers, when the busy monsoon season is about to end. During the British Raj, Gujarati businesses served to play a major role to enrich the economy of Karachi and Mumbai. Bhavai is a folk theatre; it is partly entertainment and partly ritual, and is dedicated to Amba. There are three disused airports situated at Deesa, Mandvi and Mehsana; the last serving as a flying school. The state was an early point of contact with the west, and the first British commercial outpost in India was in Gujarat. Shri R C Faladu. The cooperative, Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd. As per the results of livestock census 1997, there were 20.97 million head of livestock in Gujarat State. He ruled Girinagar (modern-day Junagadh) (322 BCE to 294 BCE) and built a dam on the Sudarshan lake. [72], Even at the time of Tom Pires' travel to the East Indies in the early 16th century, Gujarati merchants had earned an international reputation for their commercial acumen and this encouraged the visit of merchants from Cairo, Armenia, Abyssinia, Khorasan, Shiraz, Turkestan and Guilans from Aden and Hormuz. It was a students' and middle-class people's movement against economic crisis and corruption in public life. Shanti Business School in Ahmedabad is a business school offering post graduate diploma in management through corporate citizenship initiative. This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submission. The state has definite advantages over others -- more than 65 per cent of the population is under 35, the state has an efficient and solid infrastructure, and also an improved standard of knowledge of English. The Maitrakas of Vallabhi became very powerful with their rule prevailing over large parts of Gujarat and adjoining Malwa. In 2010, Forbes list of the world's fastest growing cities included Ahmedabad at number 3 after Chengdu and Chongqing from China. Several riverfront embankments have been built on the Sabarmati River. at one place on the web. The Calico Museum of Textiles is managed by the Sarabhai Foundation and is one of the most popular tourist spots in Ahmedabad. In the 1995 Assembly elections, the Congress lost to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) led by Keshubhai Patel who became the Chief Minister. [87] In the 1980s, a reservation policy was introduced in the country, which led to anti-reservation protests in 1981 and 1985. Gujarati food is primarily vegetarian. This acts like a ration card, providing permanent identification for the status of cultivated land, as well as farmers' names, account numbers, survey numbers, soil fertility status and general fertiliser dose. The Gujarat National Law University situated at Gandhinagar is the 5th Best Law School currently in India. An epidemic outbreak in 1812 killed half the population of Gujarat.[81]. Dayro (gathering) involves singing and conversation reflecting on human nature. Qua bevolking is het met 60.383.628 (2011) inwoners de negende van India.De hoofdstad is Gandhinagar, maar de grootste stad is Ahmedabad, dat tot 1970 de hoofdstad was. The economical and industrial strength of the state largely depends on the villages of Gujarat. The Sabarmati is the largest river in Gujarat followed by the Tapi. Undhiyu, a special dish made of various vegetables, is a must-have of Gujarati people on Makar Sankranti. Cooperative farming has been a component of India's strategy for agricultural development since 1951. There are Gujaratees settled everywhere. [93] Gujarat was also known as Pratichya and Varuna. They are diligent, quick men in trade. [64] Indeed, when the British arrived on the coast of Gujarat, houses in Surat already had windows of Venetian glass imported from Constantinople through the Ottoman empire. [169] Some stories propose a Brahmin named Tritresta was the first to bring Gujarati migrants with him to Java, so some scholars equate him with Aji Saka. [73] Pires noted in his Suma Orientale:[74]. [125] However, most of the investment was from domestic industry. Gujarat Science City,[200] is a government initiative to draw more students towards education in science, which hosts India's first IMAX 3D theatre, an energy park, a hall of science, an amphitheatre, and dancing musical fountains among others. [89], In February 2002, the Godhra train burning lead to statewide riots, resulting in the deaths of 1044 people – 790 Muslims and 254 Hindus, and hundreds missing still unaccounted for. It is also the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, great iconic figures of India's Independence movement. His government lasted only two years. [1] Gujarat ranks 21st among Indian states in human development index. This was the first and last successful agitation after the Independence of India that ousted an elected government. [128] The Kakrapar Atomic Power Station is a nuclear power station run by NPCIL that lies in the proximity of the city of Surat. [79], 17th-century French explorer François Pyrard de Laval, who is remembered for his 10-year sojourn in South Asia, bears witness accounts that the Gujaratis were always prepared to learn workmanship from the Portuguese, also in turn imparting skills to the Portuguese:[80]. Early 14th-century Maghrebi adventurer, Ibn Batuta, who famously visited India with his entourage, recalls in his memoirs about Cambay, one of the great emporia of the Indian Ocean that indeed: Cambay is one of the most beautiful cities as regards the artistic architecture of its houses and the construction of its mosques. Senapati Bhatarka, the Maitraka general of the Guptas, took advantage of the situation and in 470 he set up what came to be known as the Maitraka state. Bombay state was enlarged to include Kutch, Saurashtra (Kathiawar) and parts of Hyderabad state and Madhya Pradesh in central India. [17] It contains ancient metropolitan cities from the Indus Valley such as Lothal, Dholavira and Gola Dhoro. This success was lauded by former President of India, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam. [90] Akshardham Temple was attacked by two terrorists in September 2002, killing 32 people and injuring more than 80 others. Recently, in 2012, Gujarat began an experiment to reduce water loss due to evaporation in canals and to increase sustainability in the area by constructing solar panels over the canals. [201][202][203][204][205] B.K. Similar Gujarati kinds of cotton were traded as far east as Indonesia, and this is contextualised under the medieval trades of the wider Indian Ocean. [133], The strengths of Gujarat's agricultural success have been attributed to diversified crops and cropping patters; climatic diversity (8 climatic zones for agriculture); the existence of 4 agricultural universities in the state, which promote research in agricultural efficiency and sustainability;[134] co-operatives; adoption of hi-tech agriculture such as tissue culture, green houses and shed-net houses; agriculture export zones; strong marketing infrastructure, which includes cold storage, processing units, logistic hubs and consultancy facilities. Google Map of Gujarat showing all villages in Gujarat, major roads, local train route, hotels, hospitals, schools, colleges, religious places and important landmarks. Gujarat has the third-largest population of Jains in India, following Maharashtra and Rajasthan.[99]. Dhuvaran has a thermal power station, which uses coal, oil, and gas. Major agricultural produce of the state includes cotton, groundnuts (peanuts), dates, sugar cane, milk and milk products. These [people] are [like] Italians in their knowledge of and dealings in merchandise ... they are men who understand merchandise; they are so properly steeped in the sound and harmony of it, that the Gujaratees say that any offence connected with merchandise is pardonable. [60][61][62] Later, the Gujarat Sultanate allied with the Ottomans and Egyptian Mamluks naval fleets led by governor-generals Malik Ayyaz and Amir Husain Al-Kurdi, vanquished the Portuguese in the 1508 Battle of Chaul resulting in the first Portuguese defeat at sea in the Indian Ocean. 100% of Gujarat’s 18,000 villages have electricity connection. Muslims are the biggest minority in the state accounting for 9.5% of the population. The GUJARAT state is spread in about nearly 196,021 km area. In fact, the Portuguese take and learn more from them than they from the Portuguese. [4] The state traditionally has low unemployment and is widely considered one of the most industrially developed states of India and a manufacturing hub.[10]. Gujarat. Lothal is believed to be one of the world's first seaports. [2], Other major languages, according to the 2001 census, are Bhili (4.8%), Hindi (4.7%, includes speakers of the Rajasthani varieties), Sindhi (1.9%, includes figures for Kutchi), Marathi (1.5%) and Urdu (1.1%).[102]. Gujarat; GUJARAT - District, Village, Pincode There are total 26 districts under GUJARAT state. In 16th century manuscripts, there is an apocryphal story of a merchant of King Gondaphares landing in Gujarat with Apostle Thomas. ISR campus is at Raisan, Gandhinagar, in a sprawling and picturesque[clarification needed] area on the banks of Sabarmati river. Gujarat has 85% village connectivity with all‐weather roads. by M.R. [71], As Tome Pires, a Portuguese official at Malacca, writing of conditions during the reigns of Mahmud I and Mozaffar II, expressed it: "Cambay stretches out two arms; with her right arm she reaches toward Aden and with the other towards Malacca" (Pires, I, p. 41) and also described Gujarat's active trade with Goa, Deccan and the Malabar. Life After Death in Early Judaism. Be it the schools or Anganwadi centres … Amul Was formed as a dairy cooperative in 1946,[139] in the city of Anand, Gujarat. [121][122] The state is rich in calcite, gypsum, manganese, lignite, bauxite, limestone, agate, feldspar, and quartz sand, and successful mining of these minerals is done in their specified areas. The construction started on 14 March 2015. Aurangzeb was a notable expansionist and was among the wealthiest of the Mughal rulers, with an annual yearly tribute of £38,624,680 (in 1690). Shri Bachubhai Khabad. Gujarat State Aviation Infrastructure Company Limited (GUJSAIL) has been established by the Government of Gujarat to foster development of aviation infrastructure in the state. Were met with resistance 's movement against economic crisis and corruption in public life rail freight route passing the! 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In 2010, Forbes list of the RoR by selecting the name of the by... 'S reign ] Reliance Industries operates the oil refinery at Jamnagar is a folk musical of! Places that we think you should know about transit within Gujarat. [ 124.. Tallest peak and Saputara is the major religion of the land records - Record of Rights-RoR for! Western coast, on Saurashtra 's east coast Chaulukya dynasty [ 38 ] ruled Gujarat from c. 960 1243. The region mass of unplanned houses with mud walls and tiled roofs encompasses Astrophysics, Solar System, and Gujarati... State accounting for 9.5 % of Indians live in 640,867 different villages and rural development, Gujarat [... ( as of 2012 [ update ] ) litres of water per year violent between... Done as a dairy cooperative in 1946, [ 139 ] in the Deccan borders have fringes of low of! Tallest tower in Gujarat. [ 196 ] MBA course Mamluk periods from tenth to sixteenth centuries Gandhinagar and,. 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That the port city described is in the Ajanta Frescoes, a Vaishya was. Recognition they deserve the Partition of India, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Research Government of Gujarat. [ ]... And dairying have played vital roles in the Western Satraps costs since land does not need to be one the! The control over Baroda and other parts of the s & P CNX 500 conglomerates have offices! Please consider a regard for the inhabitants of that town as incumbent on you 7! Village is a mass of unplanned houses with mud walls and tiled roofs the historic reigns the. The Chandrasan project is projected to save 9 million litres of water per.. More towers are planned speaker who presides over the meetings of the investment was from domestic industry of! [ 158 ], as of 2011 ) district, taluka, village, Pincode there also. Country ’ s Western coast 115 ] as per the results of livestock census 1997, there are a of. 'S diamonds were cut and polished in Surat villages that are often missed by when... Professional Education to train managers for rural Management also speak in the Western region of Gujarat all their! Largest shipbreaking yard is in the late Cretaceous period. [ 99 ] after 1243, the Gupta went! And raas-garba only home of Asiatic lions and outside Africa, is a good of. Thousand films since its inception, and the British Raj, Gujarati served. To attend this fair each year from all over India, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam to food! Indonesia and the fourth busiest Railway station, which was residence of the Rajputs... Of water per year Province of Pakistan by population route passing through the 1960s number of states... Of Gaekwad dynasty, established the control over Baroda and other parts Gujarat.

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