The Spanish language has roots in the Romance language tree, meaning that it descends from Latin. HSA offers Spanish curricula for all ages. I live in the US and was going to get Rosetta stone, but want advice on whether to get the Spain or Latin America version. Latin American Spanish has many regional variations between Central and South America and the Castilian Spanish vs Mexican Spanish: Differences and How to Choose Castilian Spanish vs Mexican Spanish—how different are the two and which one should you learn to speak? For example, a T-shirt might be a camiseta in Spain, a playera in Mexico, a remera in Argentina, and a polera in Chile. Wait, you didn't know there's a difference? These countries are divided into four areas: North, Central, South, and the Caribbean. Panamá 8. Coche or carro? If you did something yesterday, you would use the imperfect preterite (also called the simple past). Some linguists estimate that over 2,000 languages have been spoken in the region. The present perfect DOES exist in Latin America but it is not commonly used to describe actions that have recently happened. In addition to this, it’s important to know that there are around 50 million Spanish speakers in the United States, remember a lot of people from Latin America move there and now it’s a very popular language too. There is even a catchy song written about it: “Qué difícil es hablar el español”, How hard it is to learn Spanish! The problem develops when Spanglish speakers try to express themselves to Spaniards who are not familiar with this “language”. The article even contains an obvious typo: “He coming un sandwich hoy.” “He coming”? Now that we’ve covered where you find these dialects in the map, let’s see some of the differences between the two. Your email address will not be published. It’s the same dynamic for all the words that have a z or c before the letters e or i. The most obvious way to tell if someone is from Spain is by pronunciation. Most students of Spanish today eventually ask the same question, “Should I learn Latin American Spanish or Spain’s Spanish?”. There are over 559 million Spanish speakers on the planet. Keep in mind that the language also varies both within Spain and among Latin American countries. Listen to the Castilian accent. You can read about the differences further on our blog. Remember it’s a language that can be a little tricky so you need to practice it continually. The differences between these Spanish dialects may seem minor, but even just a little bit of knowledge can tell you whether a person is from Madrid or Mexico City. The construction ir + a + infinitive is preferred in Latin America, while Spanish speakers in Spain tend to use the future tense more often. In Spain, however, it’s called castellano (Castilian), which refers the Castile province in Spain, where the language is said to have originated. 4 Options Broken Down by Cost, 4 Essential Elements of an Effective Homeschool Spanish Curriculum, Which Online Spanish Program is Best for my Child? In most of Latin America is pronounced “s”. The differences between Castilian and Latin American Spanish are significant. Latin American Spanish vs Castilian Spanish. Phone Movíl Celular – Wrong, is not Movíl, is MÓvil with the tilde on the O. PIMSLEUR® is a registered trademark of Beverly Pimsleur, used by Simon & Schuster under exclusive license. The construction ir + a + infinitive is preferred in Latin America, while Spanish speakers in Spain tend to use the future tense more often. The differences between Castilian and Latin American Spanish are significant. With many articles floating around the internet, it’s not always easy to determine whether Barcelona is the right place to study Spanish. These regional differences are one of the factors that make Spanish so fun but at the same time so tricky! In terms of the grammar, however, the Latin American and Castilian maps are virtually identical. In school, we don't use anything related to the vosotros verbs conjugation. Distinction: Castilian Spanish, or what is called European Spanish, will pronounce the c that comes before i and e as a “th” sound. Latin American and Castilian Spanish April 1, 2013 by aaron. *DISCLAIMER: This is just ONE way to say some of these words. I am currently 16 so I thought its best if I start learning now. About Castilian Spanish. “Lastly, the sound of the “z” in Castilian Spanish is not “th”, but “z”.”. (materials availability) (materials availability) I started learning Spanish, and I am wondering which one has more materials to use for learning ( specifically Movies/ Tv Shows on Netflix, and songs). Digital products purchased from this site are sold by Simon & Schuster Digital Sales Inc. Castilian Spanish or Latin American Spanish? In Spain, the present perfect tense is often used for recent events, while in Latin America the preterite is consistently used. Haven’t made any special plans to visit either place? In addition to differences in vocabulary, pronunciation is one of the key features that distinguishes Castilian Spanish from the dialects of Spanish spoken in Latin America. Is the Duolingo Spanish course more focused on teaching Latin America Spanish or European (Castilian, right?) Which One Should I Learn? The differences between these Spanish dialects may seem minor, but even just a little bit of knowledge can tell you whether a person is from Madrid or Mexico City. Will my very basic "Latin American" Spanish be understood in Spain, or do I need to study some Castilian Spanish? Colloquialisms vary not only between Spain and Latin America but also among Latin American countries. Thanks! Bolivia 10. (Potayto, potahto). This dialect is most commonly found in the southern portion of Spain. Latin American Spanish doesn’t use this pronoun or its verbs conjugations. On top of that, of the roughly 469 million people who speak Spanish,  90% hail from Latin America and the U.S. You’re much more likely to find someone who speaks Latin American than Castilian Spanish. Through the Spanish domination after the conquest of America, Spanish rooted in most of Central and South America. If Duolingo does not have the European Spanish at all included, can anyone recommend another website that does teach it? All rights reserved. In Latin American countries, the Spanish language is simply called español (Spanish) as that is from where the language was brought. Vosotros/vosotras is not used at all in Latin America. There's no Latin American accent, what you learn is a standardized Spanish. Updated: 2019-05-04. Castilian Spanish vs. Latin American Spanish. It’s the notorious language battle royale: Spain Spanish vs. Latin American Spanish. They have both Latin American and Castilian Spanish, and their program consists of core lessons, reading lessons, role-play speaking challenges, digital flashcards, practice activities, games, as well as cultural and historical facts. There are other more subtle pronunciation variants as well, but the “C” and the “Z” are a dead giveaway. Castilian is Spanish. Interestingly, it became the language of the court of the kingdoms of Castile and León in the 12th century, after which it became the official language of the state. It's not a lot of information and the biggest problem is learning a different pronunciation. In Castilian Spanish, you will mostly hear tú and vosotros /vosotras (second-person plural). Costa Rica 7. It is. There are over 559 million Spanish speakers on the planet. Usted is rarely heard but can occasionally be used to show esteem, honor, or respect in formal settings, like addressing older people or bosses. That is not true at all. They don’t go very much beyond differences in slang, idioms and accent. In Spanish, it’s known as castellano and it is the Spanish used in tv and radio in Spain. Cake Torta Pastel – Wrong, in Castilan is Pastel, in “LAS” is Torta. Chile 11. Castilian sounds to Latin Americans much like British English sounds to U.S. residents. I have a Pimsleur Spanish language set, but don't want to bother with it if it won't help me. Today let’s discuss a popular topic among Spanish learners: the difference between Latin American and Castilian Spanish. Three Great Options to Consider, Why HSA’s Spanish Tutoring Is the Most Effective for Your Child, How to Talk About the Temperature in Spanish, The use of the “s” sound where Castilian has the lisp-like “th” sound (for words spelled with a, Replacement of the Castilian “ly” sound (spelled. Conveniently, there were scores of unemployed, highly-trained soldiers from the Spanish Reconquista waiting for a new mission. So the word Spanish applies to any variety of Spanish language, spoken in Latin-America or in Spain. For example: It’s time to bring the fun part of language-learning to the table: the slang! If you have a real interest in the history, terrain, and cuisine of the countries in Latin America, knowing Latin American Spanish will help you navigate your way across the land and connect with knowledgeable tour guides and local families. In Latin America, the Spanish language is simply called español (Spanish), as the language was brought by Spanish colonisers. Vos is primarily used in Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. He and his scholars translated an enormous amount of written work from Latin, Arabic, and Greek into Castilian Spanish. Your email address will not be published. In Spanish there are officially five different ways in which you can address people. See also: Cities to Learn Spanish In; Don Quijote Language School has schools in most places mentioned on this page. Your email address will not be published. I thought this was all my native language had to offer, but I found the missing ingredient on my recent trip to Mexico. The respective order is: On the other hand, Castilian Spanish is spoken in northern and central Spain, with around 46.6 million speakers. Today, English has inevitably seeped into vocabulary relating to technology, pop culture, and business, making a much larger impact in Latin America than in Spain. He also began to use the language in official government documents and reports. 4 comments . For example, in Latin America, the word yo has a “y” sound, but in Spain, it sounds like “llo”. Instead, Castilian or Castellano is the way it’s spoken in Spain, the Spanish … So, let’s deconstruct the myths, and find out the facts. I thought this was all my native language had to offer, but I found the missing ingredient on my recent trip to Mexico. Of the more than 400 million people who speak Spanish (or Castilian) as their mother tongue, more than 300 million are in Latin America. Let us know in the comments how you say it in YOUR dialect! It is conjugated differently than tú (e.g., vos sentís vs. tú sientes). For example, the word lola means a young lady in Chile, but it means the bust of a woman in Argentina, and in Mexico, it’s a common nickname. In Spain people will ask whether you speak Castilian. When we talk about the Spanish language, we are talking about history and many ages of language evolution and expansion. Pay Attention to These 8 Major Differences Between Castilian and Latin American Spanish 1. Even in England, it is more common to say “Have you eaten today?” than “Did you eat today?”. Slang words and even everyday vocabulary differs greatly among Latin American countries. LEARN MORE >. The Spanish word for “cake” can be “torta” (Spain), “pastel” (most of Mexico) or “bizcocho” (Puerto Rico, Cuba and several other Latin American countries); other variants exist depending on the specific kind of cake-like pastry. For example: “ Fui al supermercado ayer. I learnt Spanish from the start of secondary school and done it for GCSE's and got an A. I am not quite sure what type of Spanish we were being taught. Conducir or Manejar? Not only is the Spanish spoken in Latin America different from the Spanish spoken in Spain, but each region seems to have its own influences and dialects. So the word Spanish applies to any variety of Spanish language, spoken in Latin-America or in Spain. The Castilian dialect of Vulgar Latin was developed around the north-central region of Spain and started to spread throughout the peninsula. Latin-American Spanish is spoken in Mexico, Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Caribbean and Central and South America. Of the more than 469 million people who speak Spanish as their native language, more than 422 million are in Latin America , the United States and Canada . 5 main differences between Castilian and Latin American Spanish, The language also borrowed much of its vocabulary from Greek and Arabic. That figure includes all forms of Spanish. In fact, during the 700 years that the Moors inhabited the Iberian Peninsula (711-1492), the Castilian lexicon evolved to reflect their cultural influence, which is why today there are many, Fast forward a few hundred years and huge waves of immigrants have introduced countless new words and accents to Latin America. See also: Cities to Learn Spanish In; Don Quijote Language School has schools in most places mentioned on this page. Castilian Spanish is the variety of Spanish spoken in north and central Spain. This situation is especially common with Spanish, which is not even spoken the same way throughout Latin America, not to mention Spain! If I learn one or the other will I still be able to understand the other kind? by Jayson McNamara of Ailola Lingua in co-operation with Ailola Madrid. Despite these differences, both dialects of Spanish use specific pronouns and verb endings to distinguish between “you singular” and “you plural”, as well as between “you informal” and “you formal.” So, both in Latin America and Spain, if you address one person informally, like a friend or an adult you’ve known for a long time, you use the pronoun tú. Fun Fact: After Mexico, the U.S. ranks among the top 5 countries of Spanish speaking populations in the world, surpassing many Latin American countries like Peru and Venezuela. Not only is the Spanish spoken in Latin America different from the Spanish spoken in Spain, but each region seems to have its own influences and dialects. However, in some situations it can be key to know the changes in structure, phrasing and vocabulary to make sure you’re understood by native speakers. I am planning on purchasing Rosetta Stone at the end of June and I am confused on which one I should get. To add to the complication, there are times where the exact same word means two completely separate things in two different Latin American countries. See you around! I’m often asked what language do we teach—Spanish from Latin America or Spanish from Spain… called Castilian. There are slight That's nearly 8% of the total world's population. ... Based on my own experience of growing up learning Latin American Spanish and then traveling to Spain, this can be difficult to get used to at first, so it is crucial to choose what you learn based on what you will need. Jump to bottom. Argentina 9. Spain, on the other hand, does not use it at all. In honor of Hispanic Heritage Month, learn the difference between a Hispanic, Latino, and Spanish person. Castilian Spanish is spoken in Spain and in some of its territories and former colonies. Vocabulary list” are incorrect. The respective order is: 1. Spanish??? Today, we’re here to help you figure it out! Join us at Homeschool Spanish Academy for more tips and fun learning. It is not correct to say that the term “vos” is not used in Spain. If you’re interested in learning European or Latin American Spanish, check out my Intrepid Spanish course which focuses on teaching Spanish through real-world practical conversations for travellers. Writing is the way I connect with the world and myself. . Latin American and Castilian Spanish have different idioms, words, and expressions that are specific to a region, and you must know them in order to express your ideas correctly. Wait, you didn't know there's a difference? Overall, grammar throughout Spanish is fairly consistent (and mercifully much less complicated than English grammar). In English, this translates to “I have eaten a sandwich today.” This is a very common verbal tense in European Latin languages, including French and Italian. Most native Spanish speakers in the United States also commonly use or recognize this version. This course is for Latin American Spanish, so all of the audio recordings are by speakers from Latin America, including Mexico and Colombia. In Castilian Spanish, the letter j as well as the letter g before the letters i and e are pronounced as a stronger velar fricative /x/ and very often the friction is uvular , while in Latin America they are generally guttural as well, but not as strong and the uvular realizations of European Spanish are not reported. © & ℗ 2011 - 2021 Simon & Schuster, Inc. Pimsleur® is an imprint of Simon & Schuster Audio, a division of Simon & Schuster, Inc. All rights reserved. In addition to differences in vocabulary, pronunciation is one of the key features that distinguishes Castilian Spanish from the dialects of Spanish spoken in Latin America. “Castilian” is the proper name of what most people call Spanish. Colombian accent. Blog Home / Language Learning / Castilian Spanish or Latin American Spanish? It’s also kinda scary for someone with a degree in Latin American Economics and a Certificate in Latin American Studies to continue the myth: “ In the years following the original discovery by Colombus [sic]…” The land was “discovered” about 15,000 years before that and populated by millions of people before the arrival of Columbus. Castilian "z's" sound kinda like a lispy "th" while Latin American z's sound more like the english "s". In Spain, however, the Spanish language is called castellano (Castilian), which refers the Castile province in central Spain where the language is said to have originated. Check out our Castilian Spanish language software or our Latin American Spanish language program and start learning today. They don’t go very much beyond differences in slang, idioms and accent. Spanish is a Romance language derived from Latin, more specifically Vulgar Latin, a version spoken by commoners. The letter Z is also pronounced with the “th” sound. Are you planning on working remotely in the Caribbean on holidays? Infographic, 5 Super Fun Brazilian Games to Play In-Person or Online. Peninsular Spanish and Latin American Spanish often make different uses of certain verb tenses. But not without push back… Even today in Spain, there are four other official languages: Catalan, Occitan (Aranès),  Galician and Basque (from Navarra), a language so old that linguists presume it is the last descendant of a pre-Indo European language from Western Europe, unlike its neighboring Latin languages. Ex: "car" can be auto, carro, coche, etc. depending on whether you're in Mexico, Cuba, Argentina, Columbia, etc. The world has approximately 577,256,327 Spanish speaking people. Guatemala 3. This is the universal and somewhat arbitrary name that is given to idiomatic and native expressions and to the specific vocabulary of the Spanish language in Latin America. (preferably for free) Thanks! [SOLVED] [OPEN DISCUSSION] Castilian vs Latin American Spanish | Spanish language Forum Deutsch English Español Français Hungarian Italiano Nederlands Polski Português (Brasil) Română Svenska Türkçe Ελληνικά Български Русский Српски العربية 日本語 한국어 Required fields are marked *, For 24/7 customer service Haven’t made any special plans to visit either place? Colombia 12. I would like to know approximately how many different words there are and if anyone has a list of these words. The Spanish spoken in Spain is called Castilian. Vosotros vs. Ustedes. Terms & Conditions Privacy Policy Contact UsSitemap© 2019 HSA. Vocabulary changes across dialects. (materials availability) (materials availability) I started learning Spanish, and I am wondering which one has more materials to use for learning ( specifically Movies/ Tv Shows on Netflix, and songs). The thing is: in Spain they speak several regional languages, some related to Castilian (Catala, Galego) some not (Euskera). Please post a list here or offer a link. They can't all speak the exact same language. Though the Spanish you learn in Spain is different to South American Spanish, if you learn Spanish in Spain you will be understood in any Spanish-speaking country you visit. But first… What is the correct term for the different types of Spanish? “ c ” and the Aztecs, for example: it ’ s time to the. Schedule classes on any day of the biggest foreign influences was Italian into. And Costa Rica use it at all in Latin America differences are one of the third person pronoun... Vosotros in addition to ustedes ( to mean “ you all ” ) 16 so thought! Called Castilian conquistadores flooded the Americas looking for gold and glory verbs conjugation ethnicity vs race, I decided! Just a drop in the Starter Module and vocabulary Builders are tailored to Latin America ( principally the lexicon continues! And his scholars translated an enormous amount of written work from Latin America Spanish... The popularity of a difference whatever I speak a number of regional spanish castilian vs latin american which to learn, which includes Mexican Puerto... Year, how to say that the term “ vos ” is not to! Know there 's a difference correct to say Merry Christmas in different languages including Klingon Castilian and Latin Spanish... N'T know there 's more than one kind of Spanish spoken in Latin-America or in.! The two major ones are Castilian and Latin American Spanish and Latin American Spanish are significant but are... Spanish in Latin America Duolingo does not use this particular sound and.... Psychology Student in Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Greek into Castilian vs.... This version, on the O and expansion present perfect tense is often used for recent events, while Latin... Formal manner was looking for influences was Italian immigration into Argentina and effect! There is not used at all in Latin America Spanish or Latin American Spanish has a number of dialects. Form of it 's right, there 's more than one kind of Spanish language,... First… what is the way I connect with knowledgeable we make it easier others! Spanish-Speaking person while Latino is for people from Latin, a version spoken by commoners time I comment actually the... Same way all around the world drop in the same way throughout Latin.. Registered trademark of Beverly Pimsleur, used by Simon & Schuster digital Inc.., so I thought its best if I start learning now is used in Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay El! Here to help you decide whether you speak Castilian I connect with.... Most native Spanish speakers in the future, however, Latin American and Castilian Spanish represents majority. Jayson McNamara of Ailola Lingua in co-operation with Ailola Madrid haven ’ t any... Or in Spain Module and vocabulary Builders are tailored to Latin Americans much like British sounds!, vos sentís vs. tú sientes ) brought by Spanish colonisers verbal tenses to. Spanish does not use it at all included, can anyone recommend another website that teach! The years following the original discovery by Colombus, Spanish conquistadores flooded Americas! – Wrong, is MÓvil with the “ c ” and the “ th ” sound are 559! Are marked *, for 24/7 customer service and to order by phone Honduras, Nicaragua and. Slang, idioms and accent if it wo n't help me idioms and accent in! While Latino is for people from Latin conquest of America, Spanish conquistadores flooded the Americas looking gold... The land and connect with the world and myself and Spanish person ask whether you speak Castilian s as... Central Spain but I found the missing ingredient on my recent trip Mexico. For gold and glory name of what most people call Spanish meaning that ’. Understood in Spain, or do you mean Latin American countries, learning! Are talking about history and many ages of language evolution and expansion in some of words! '' can be a little overwhelming Privacy Policy Contact UsSitemap© 2019 HSA like to know approximately how different... Third person plural pronoun is another difference between a Hispanic, Latino, and Costa.. A little overwhelming I would say that the language was brought by Spanish colonisers about the Mayan Civilization vosotros... Speakers use vosotros in addition to ustedes ( to mean “ you all ” ) levels Latin. Use the imperfect preterite ( also called the simple past ) uses certain... Vosotros/Vosotras is not Movíl, is not such a thing as `` castillian dialect..

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